VW emissions scandal: VW UK offers discounts of up to £1500 in 'loyalty Insentif'

Monday, November 7th, 2016 - autos, cars, motoring, news

Source : VW emissions scandal: VW UK offers discounts of up to £1500 in 'loyalty Insentif'

Extra incentives offered across entire range as firm aims to fend up any dip in sales because of dieselgate


Volkswagen is actually preparing to offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as which tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by its emissions scandal, which has emerged.

Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows which in response to concerns coming from VW’s British sales network, the company is actually going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age which has a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf as well as Passat, as well as £1500 on the Touareg as well as Sharan.

The VW advice tells dealers, “which Insentif is actually in addition to current tactical as well as does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” which adds which the offer will last until the end of January 2016. different vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet as well as Estate, Beetle as well as Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC as well as all electric vehicles.

VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the very first time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest which a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – as well as VW’s loyalty Insentif is actually clearly designed to negate which issue. which mirrors a scheme introduced within the United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected designs.

A VW UK spokesman said, “Any any scheme is actually designed to react to trends within the market, as well as you could say which does the same. We think which is actually an attractive offer for existing owners.”

German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers

German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced which is actually conducting independent emissions tests on cars as well as vans made by 23 different marques.

In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, although also suggested which accusations of cheating elsewhere within your vehicle industry had been made. which cited “verified indications coming from third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.

“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, is actually taking place within the market,” said the statement.

which added which which had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, although did not give any clues as to the results.

All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.

Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok

VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche as well as petrol engines implicated

In early November, the Volkswagen Group was been plunged into further crisis after admitting which up to 800,000 petrol as well as diesel-powered cars had their CO2 as well as mpg ratings wrongly certified.

In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes as well as workflows in connection with diesel engines which was established which the CO2 levels as well as so the fuel consumption figures for some designs were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”

which also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.

A VW spokesman confirmed which the latest scandal affects AudiSeatSkoda as well as VW cars with what are described as “tiny” engines. Reports suggest which cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest which VW BlueMotion diesel designs with three as well as four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.

The company said which has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of which latest revelation, although which cautioned which which could need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal as well as econimic implications of the discovery. which has not said whether which will compensate owners of affected cars.

Following the latest revelations within the emissions scandal, the value of VW dropped dramatically which morning, as well as wiped more than €4bn off the value of the company. Preference shares in Volkswagen were down by over 8% which morning. Analysts have said the scandal could eventually cost VW up to €35bn – or two thirds of its current market value.

within the statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “coming from the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless as well as comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing as well as nobody. which is actually a painful process, although which is actually our only alternative. For us, the only thing which counts is actually the truth. which is actually the basis for the fundamental realignment which Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets which situation as well as wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification as well as transparency.”

The VW statement also stressed which the safety of the vehicles affected is actually in no way compromised.

Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. which said: “The Supervisory Board is actually deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board as well as the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet within the very near future to consult on further measures as well as consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift as well as meticulous clarification. In which regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board as well as the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities as well as rebuild trust.”

EPA alleges 3.0-litre V6 diesels also cheated system

The latest admission coming from VW came just a day after America’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) claimed which has found more evidence of the Volkswagen Group running an illegal defeat device on its 3.0-litre diesel engines, saying the scandal has right now widened to affect Porsche.

The EPA alleges which VW installed software designed to defeat emissions tests on vehicles with 3.0-litre, six-cylinder diesel engines which were on sale coming from 2013 to date, as well as says NoX emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. which has identified the VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne as well as Audi A6, Audi A7, Audi A8, Audi A8L as well as Audi Q5 as being potentially affected. In total, 10,000 cars within the US have been implicated.

“VW has Just as before failed its obligation to comply with the law which protects clean air for all Americans,” said Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement as well as Compliance Assurance.

“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, as well as federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, as well as to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”

A statement coming from Porsche expressed shock at the claims. The statement read: “We are surprised to learn which information. Until which notice, all of our information was which the Porsche Cayenne Diesel is actually fully compliant. Porsche Cars North America will cooperate fully with all relevant authorities.”

A statement coming from the VW Group said: “The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) informed Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft on Monday which vehicles with V6 TDI engines had a software function which had not been adequately described within the application process. Volkswagen AG wishes to emphasise which no software has been installed within the  power units to alter emissions characteristics in a forbidden manner. Volkswagen will cooperate fully with the EPA clarify which matter in its entirety.”

VW’s statement suggests which which believes the software is actually legal, although was not correctly certified. The use of software to protect engines under prescribed circumstances is actually legal – although cheating emissions tests is actually forbidden.

The EPA documentation alleges which the affected cars have “software within the electronic control module of these vehicles which senses when the vehicle is actually being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses which which is actually undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, which operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under which mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.

“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately modifications numerous operating parameters which increase NOx emissions as well as indicates within the software which which is actually transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle as well as type of driving conditions.

“In different tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher coming from the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”

VW EA288 engine given the all-clear

Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying which its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software which has plunged the company into crisis.

German news agency DPA had reported which early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived coming from the EA189 design which’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.

VW itself issued a statement confirming which which was examining the engines – although right now which says which process has been completed as well as which “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law is actually installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.

The conclusion is actually an important one for the troubled German any because which could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- as well as 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code which sparked off the emissions scandal.

VW’s statement added, “fresh vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements as well as environmental standards.”

UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’

The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed which which won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in which country.

Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed which the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already commenced a voluntary recall program for cars in which country, although the DfT has made clear which “which is actually VW’s position as well as VW’s problem.”

“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure which happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “to ensure people within the UK can have these problems fixed.

“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct which problem as well as support owners within the UK. within the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, as well as has been reassured which the German authorities are working closely with VW.”

In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, is actually forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars within the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.

Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”

Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours which up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors within the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP which investigators suspect “more than two although a lot fewer than 10 people”. 

VW’s UK boss faces MPs

Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted which his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.

Previously, the German any has only confirmed which the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – as well as had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.

However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling coming from MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “which seems coming from what I understand – as well as I’m not an engineer – which the system of gas regulation within the engine influenced the NOx output in cars which we sell within the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, as well as they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking which.

“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. which’s why we need to fix the cars, which’s why we need to get the customers in, as well as which’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.

“which seems which within the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”

UK’s 1.6 diesel fix won’t need a fresh urea tank

Of the 1.2 million affected cars within the UK, Willis said 400,000 – believed to be those with the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 diesel engine – could need additional corrective work beyond a software upgrade, including fresh fuel injectors, as well as which which could “take a longer period of time”.

However, he said which the installation of exhaust after-treatments, likely to be fitted to some cars affected within the US within the form of a urea tank, could not be necessary within the UK. “My understanding is actually which the addition of urea tanks is actually not part of the solution in Europe,” he stated. “There’s a different technical configuration on the cars as well as different technical regulations apply. My understanding is actually which the costs are different, too.”

The remaining 700,000-odd units – 2.0-litre diesels as well as around 30,000 1.2-litre diesels – can be fixed by software patches alone.

While details on the technical fix Volkswagen will use to correct the affected cars remain limited, Willis said which customers should notice no difference in fuel economy once the fix has been applied. “Our engineers are working to the brief which there cannot be any change in miles per gallon,” he said.

Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”

The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or your vehicle industry on the dieselgate scandal.

Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – coming from sale. He argued which the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg which there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details as well as I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him which as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I could voluntarily stop selling those cars. which phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.

“On 30th September, at 9am within the morning, I received the VIN numbers coming from the various different factories. as well as which is actually the point: there were eight days between when we first knew which affected Europe as well as when I stopped selling cars. as well as the reason for which is actually the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different designs, all 5 different brands, three different engines as well as two different transmissions.

“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, as well as at 1.30pm, once I had clarified which with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. which took four hours as well as 30 minutes coming from the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours as well as 30 minutes.”

Existing test comes under fire coming from MPs

Both Willis as well as the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted which the difference between real-world figures as well as those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process as well as always contain a disclaimer about the real world as well as which is actually for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.

“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s as well as the industry recognises which isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices which you could turn on within the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of which has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created which sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge as well as all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”

Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis coming from the beginning of 2017.

Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know which is actually old-fashioned as well as not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests which look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at which.”

“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] which our cars are safe. There is actually no relation to safety with which issue although we do need to regain trust as well as we will do which with transparency.”

Willis also apologised to VW customers within the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers as well as the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected as well as we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”

VW UK could pay back missing tax to government

Willis has promised which the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles which may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence which the CO2 emissions on these cars are different within the real world. although we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket as well as if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”

The scale of VW’s global problem

In total, VW has said which just under 11 million vehicles worldwide contain the software ‘defeat device’ which was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable which has a software upgrade, which’s believed which a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda as well as Seat designs – those featuring the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware modifications to correct the issue. US designs may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need fresh fuel injectors.

VW’s fresh CEO Matthias Müller has pledged which all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors as well as the general public. The first step in which direction will be a fast as well as relentless examination as well as explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.

“Believe me, I too am impatient. although in which situation, in which we are dealing with four brands as well as many designs, care is actually more important than speed.

“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business as well as financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”

VW, Audi, Skoda as well as Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected

Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda as well as Seat have launched websites which allow owners to check if their car is actually affected by the emissions scandal.   

The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access which, although has since been functioning normally. Sites coming from AudiSkoda as well as Seat are all running without problem.

Government won’t hike tax bills

The Government has confirmed which UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if which turns out which their cars were found to have cheated tests.

Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased within the UK as well as we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of which scandal.”

He also confirmed which the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter as well as which the next round of tests will look at whether the software “is actually being used elsewhere”.

“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay due to which testing if the government requests which does so.

VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale within the UK

Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how which will remove the illegal software which cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.

The move covered vehicles coming from Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, as well as the cars as well as commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are required to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.

A spokesman stressed which the decision to withdraw the cars coming from sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.

which has also been announced which anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing coming from the sale without penalty, taking delivery of your vehicle after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of your vehicle as soon as which is actually available as well as then having the required modifications retro-fitted.

More than 1.1m UK cars affected

The full number of cars to be recalled within the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme is actually 1,189,906, as well as which is actually spread across all 5 different brands within the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 designs. Skoda also includes a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat as well as Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 as well as 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.

In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks as well as months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”

which is actually not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming which the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.

A spokesman had previously confirmed which VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting which right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days as well as weeks we will write to all affected customers as well as we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”

However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions could require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions as well as economy figures.

The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established which a service procedure is actually required for some all 5 million vehicles coming from the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles coming from certain designs as well as type years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”

Why did VW cheat?

A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?

If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make your vehicle compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering within the ‘defeat device’ to bypass which equipment?

“I expect which was pressure on the engineers which made them do which,” said the source. “Remember which system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are right now, as well as the pressure to pass the tests could have been immense.

“as well as I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device is actually which without which there could have serious consequences not within the laboratory although on the road, either with your vehicle’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”

He went on to confirm which technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.

So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when which was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First which could likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of your vehicle as well as not easy to remove, second to remove which those responsible for its installation could have first to have flagged up the fact which they’d put which there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”

The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] although almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, although still illegal”.

He said also he believed which VW alone was using such a device as well as which all different German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.

The one remaining question is actually who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of which as well as his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.

Whoever was responsible, which seems likely which more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.

11m Audis, Seats, Skodas as well as VWs affected globally

While the VW Group has said which 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are coming from Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed which 2.1 million vehicles coming from its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed which 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said which 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally. 

A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all fresh Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles which fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. which therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat as well as Touran designs.”

The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.


SMMT: just because VW cheated, which doesn’t mean the whole industry is actually cheating

Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. although we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating different brands or companies could be unfair as well as wrong.

“which could be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.

“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers as well as our own industry’s integrity, a fresh emissions test which embraces fresh technologies, as well as which is actually more representative of on the road conditions.”

VW’s global meltdown

There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions coming from around the entire world since the firm admitted cheating within the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK as well as the USA. The UK government has already announced which will launch an inquiry into the scandal.

VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, as well as says which will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed which while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations which violate American environmental standards.

Reports have since surfaced which Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.

According to the EPA, which means which the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which is actually linked to asthma as well as lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, as well as VW Passats built coming from 2014-15.

The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight as well as Investigations Subcommittee.

“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy as well as Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton as well as Oversight as well as Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.

“Manufacturers throughout the United States, as well as across the entire world, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA as well as state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations which certain Volkswagen designs contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.

“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned which auto consumers may have been deceived – which what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers as well as assurances which which will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”

A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% coming from its 2015 high.

VW emissions scandal: how which unfolded

The Volkswagen emissions scandal is actually currently headline news, although the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming coming from two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.

May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines as well as Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation which found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions coming from two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta as well as a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests. 

WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) as well as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.

Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB as well as the EPA which the increased emissions coming from these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues as well as unexpected in-use conditions.

December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.

6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both within the laboratory as well as during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.

None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.

Summer 2015 CARB as well as the EPA make which clear which they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold within the USA – for VW’s 2016 type year diesel vehicles until the any car adequately explain the anomalous emissions as well as ensure the agencies which the 2016 type year vehicles could not have similar issues.

3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits which has designed as well as installed a defeat device in these vehicles within the form of a sophisticated software algorithm which detects when a vehicle is actually undergoing emissions testing.

18 September 2015 CARB as well as the EPA make their findings public, stating which Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles which did not comply with their certificates of conformity, as well as second by manufacturing as well as installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.

Read more on the Volkswagen emissions scandal:

Six things the firm could cut

Bugatti under threat as boss warns of ‘painful’ cuts

Blog – navel gazing at Volkswagen

Blog – Keeping up with pollution laws is actually not always easy for car makers

Blog – How Volkswagen can survive its emissions scandal

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