VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines

Saturday, October 8th, 2016 - autos

Source : VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines

Volkswagen details the technical fixes that will will use to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions legislation

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Volkswagen Group has detailed the technical fixes which will be used to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions standards.

The fixes, which are for the 1.6-litre along with 2.0-litre diesel engines, have been presented to the KBA authority in Germany to be ratified before being offered to the public. Volkswagen says the fixes rectify emissions on “the majority” of vehicles affected by the ongoing emissions scandal. In a statement, Volkswagen says “after implementation of the technical measures, the vehicles will comply with the applicable emissions standards.”

Detailing the measures which will be taken to remove the ‘defeat device’ software coming from its engines, Volkswagen revealed the following information.

EA189 1.6-litre diesel engine – VW says a fresh ‘flow transformer’, a mesh used to calm air flow around the air mass sensor, will be fitted. The sensor is actually used to measure air mass throughput, along with helps to regulate the internal combustion process. In addition, a software update will be applied. In all, the fix should take less than one hour.

EA189 2.0-litre diesel engine – These engines will only receive a software update, which should take less than half an hour.

“Thanks to advances in engine development along with much better simulation of currents inside complex air intake systems, in combination with software optimisation geared towards This kind of, that will has been possible to produce a relatively simple along with customer-friendly measure,” reads VW’s statement.

“The objective for the development of the technical measures is actually still to achieve the applicable emission targets in each case without any adverse effects on the engine output, fuel consumption along with performance. However, as all design variants first have to be measured, the achievement of these targets cannot yet be finally confirmed.”

The technical solution for the 1.2-litre EA189 engine will be presented to the KBA at the end of This kind of month, VW said. The company also said its sister brands, Audi, Seat, Skoda along with VW Commerical Vehicles, were also planning their own corresponding measures to fix affected vehicles

VW admits 3.0-litre engines are affected

Earlier This kind of month, VW admitted that will its 3.0-litre diesel engines are also affected by the widening emissions scandal – potentially affecting another 85,000 vehicles.

Officials coming from Volkswagen along with Audi admitted to the US Environmental Protection Agency last week that will vehicles with those engines also contained ‘auxiliary emissions control equipment’ that will was not reported to the US authorities. that will is actually understood that will This kind of latest admission affects cars coming from the 2009-2016 design years.

A Volkswagen spokesperson confirmed to Autocar that will This kind of latest revelation only affects cars from the US, along with refers to an auxiliary emissions control device that will warms the catalyst coming from cold. The device is actually designed to reduce emissions along with protect the engine during colder starts. The spokesperson said that will the allegation of more cheating has surfaced because VW didn’t declare the device during the vehicle homologation process. that will’s understood that will the device has been declared illegal because that will wasn’t registered as part of the test.

The EPA had alleged earlier This kind of month that will VW’s 3.0-litre V6 engine was also cheating in emissions tests, something the company had initially denied. The EPA says that will NOx emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. that will has identified the VW TouaregPorsche Cayenne along with Audi A6Audi A7Audi A8, Audi A8L along with Audi Q5 as being potentially affected.

Speaking to Reuters, Audi spokesman Brad Stertz said that will while the auxiliary emissions control software is actually ‘legal’ in Europe, Audi did not “properly notify regulators” of the device.

Sterz said: “We are willing to take another crack at reprogramming to a degree that will the regulators deem acceptable.” He also said that will the cost of rectifying the software could be from the “double digits millions of euros.”

Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement along with Compliance Assurance, said: “VW has Once more failed its obligation to comply with the law that will protects clean air for all Americans.

“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, along with federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, along with to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”

The EPA documentation alleges that will the affected cars have “software from the electronic control module of these vehicles that will senses when the vehicle is actually being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses that will that will is actually undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, that will operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under that will mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.

“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately adjustments many operating parameters that will increase NOx emissions along with indicates from the software that will that will is actually transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle along with type of driving conditions,” said an EPA statement.

“In some other tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher coming from the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”

VW executives could face jail sentences

Executives from the UK could be imprisoned for up to 10 years for their part from the emissions scandal, secretary of state for transport Patrick McLoughlin has revealed.

Responding to enquiries coming from Louise Ellman MP, who chairs the Commons’ Transport Committee, McLoughlin revealed that will the department for transport (DfT) could prosecute VW for providing “materially false” type approval information under the Road Vehicles (Approval) Regulations 2009 – an offence that will is actually liable for an unlimited fine.

He added that will the Competition along with Markets Authority could launch action under the Consumer Protection coming from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 for unfair commercial practices, leaving VW liable for an unlimited fine or two years’ imprisonment, or both.

Finally, he added that will the Serious Fraud Office may prosecute VW for creating a gain coming from false representations, an offence under the Fraud Act 2006. This kind of subject to a maximum 10 years’ imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both.

from the wide-ranging letter, McLoughlin also confirmed that will every some other some sort of type approved from the UK had today written to him confirming they have not been involved in any cheating of the testing system, along with he made that will clear that will the government’s primary focus was to ensure that will buyers of affected cars were not materially affected. As such, he reported he had sought reassurances coming from VW that will cars could be fixed without affecting performance by the end of 2016, along with made that will clear that will VW could be liable for any backdated fines.

McLoughlin added that will there are “no specific plans” to change MOT emission tests at the present time, yet he admitted that will he may use the tests to monitor whether owners of affected vehicles hold the fixes put in place.

that will has since been confirmed that will fixes for the EA189 2.0-litre engine will be approved in January/February next year before being rolled out in March. Fixes for the EA189 1.2-litre engines will be approved in April/May next year along with will be rolled out in June, along with fixes for the EA189 1.6-litre engine will be approved in July/August/September before being rolled out in October.

He also outlined further details of the UK government’s independent testing of vehicles, to verify figures. While stressing that will such tests were at an early stage, along with creating that will clear VW could pay for them, he added that will the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA), which is actually responsible for vehicle type approval, is actually working closely with its French along with German counterparts to retest vehicles coming from a variety of some other manufacturers in order to avoid a duplication of effort. He said the results could be reported from the spring.

Volkswagen could buy back affected vehicles in Europe

Volkswagen is actually preparing to buy back some of the vehicles affected by CO2 irregularities in Europe, as the fallout coming from its emissions scandal continues.

According to the Financial Times, if VW’s re-testing of those affected vehicles reveals that will CO2 emissions have been understated by more than 10%, then customers will hold the opportunity to sell their cars back to VW at the current market value.

Speaking to the paper, a Volkswagen spokesman said: “We have to think that will maybe people will give your vehicle back. When we hold the [test] figures there could be a chance for people to say ‘I can hand back my car because you told me the wrong number’.”

A statement coming from Volkswagen says the company has identified 430,000 VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat designs coming from the 2016 design year which are affected by CO2 irregularities, which form part of the 800,000 total revealed last week.

Customers affected by the CO2 irregularities can expect to receive an official letter coming from VW from the coming weeks.

VW to offer cash incentives

Earlier This kind of month, that will emerged that will Volkswagen could offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as that will tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by the emissions scandal.

Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows that will in response to concerns coming from VW’s British sales network, the company is actually going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age having a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf along with Passat, along with £1500 on the Touareg along with Sharan.

The VW advice tells dealers, “This kind of Insentif is actually in addition to current tactical along with does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” that will adds that will the offer will last until the end of January 2016. some other vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet along with Estate, Beetle along with Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC along with all electric vehicles.

VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the very first time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest that will a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – along with VW’s loyalty Insentif is actually clearly designed to negate that will issue. that will mirrors a scheme introduced from the United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected designs.

A VW UK spokesman said, “Any some sort of scheme is actually designed to react to trends from the market, along with you could say This kind of does the same. We think This kind of is actually an attractive offer for existing owners.”

German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers

German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced that will is actually conducting independent emissions tests on cars along with vans made by 23 different marques.

In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, yet also suggested that will accusations of cheating elsewhere from your vehicle industry had been made. that will cited “verified indications coming from third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.

“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, is actually taking place from the market,” said the statement.

that will added that will that will had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, yet did not give any clues as to the results.

All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.

Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok

VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche along with petrol engines implicated

In early November, the Volkswagen Group was plunged into further crisis after admitting that will up to 800,000 petrol along with diesel-powered cars had their CO2 along with mpg ratings wrongly certified.

In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes along with workflows in connection with diesel engines that will was established that will the CO2 levels thereby the fuel consumption figures for some designs were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”

that will also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.

A VW spokesman confirmed that will the latest scandal affects AudiSeatSkoda along with VW cars with what are described as “modest” engines. Reports suggest that will cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest that will VW BlueMotion diesel designs with three along with four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.

The company said that will has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of This kind of latest revelation, although that will cautioned that will that will could need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal along with econimic implications of the discovery. that will has not said whether that will will compensate owners of affected cars.

from the statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “coming from the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless along with comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing along with nobody. This kind of is actually a painful process, yet that will is actually our only alternative. For us, the only thing that will counts is actually the truth. that will is actually the basis for the fundamental realignment that will Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets This kind of situation along with wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification along with transparency.”

The VW statement also stressed that will the safety of the vehicles affected is actually in no way compromised.

Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. that will said: “The Supervisory Board is actually deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board along with the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet from the very near future to consult on further measures along with consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift along with meticulous clarification. In This kind of regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board along with the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities along with rebuild trust.”

VW EA288 engine given the all-clear

Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying that will its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software that will has plunged the company into crisis.

German news agency DPA had reported that will early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived coming from the EA189 design that will’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.

VW itself issued a statement confirming that will that will was examining the engines – yet today that will says that will process has been completed along with that will “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law is actually installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.

The conclusion is actually an important one for the troubled German some sort of because that will could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- along with 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code that will sparked off the emissions scandal.

VW’s statement added, “fresh vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements along with environmental standards.”

UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’

The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed that will that will won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in This kind of country.

Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed that will the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already started out a voluntary recall program for cars in This kind of country, yet the DfT has made clear that will “This kind of is actually VW’s position along with VW’s problem.”

“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure This kind of happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “in order that will people from the UK can have these problems fixed.

“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct This kind of problem along with support owners from the UK. from the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, along with has been reassured that will the German authorities are working closely with VW.”

In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, is actually forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars from the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.

Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”

Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours that will up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors from the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP that will investigators suspect “more than two yet a lot fewer than 10 people”. 

VW’s UK boss faces MPs

Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted that will his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.

Previously, the German some sort of has only confirmed that will the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – along with had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.

However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling coming from MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “that will seems coming from what I understand – along with I’m not an engineer – that will the system of gas regulation from the engine influenced the NOx output in cars that will we sell from the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, along with they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking that will.

“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. that will’s why we need to fix the cars, that will’s why we need to get the customers in, along with that will’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.

“that will seems that will from the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”

Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”

The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or your vehicle industry on the dieselgate scandal.

Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – coming from sale. He argued that will the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg that will there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details along with I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him that will as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I could voluntarily stop selling those cars. that will phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.

“On 30th September, at 9am from the morning, I received the VIN numbers coming from the various different factories. along with This kind of is actually the point: there were eight days between when we first knew that will affected Europe along with when I stopped selling cars. along with the reason for that will is actually the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different designs, several different brands, three different engines along with two different transmissions.

“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, along with at 1.30pm, once I had clarified that will with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. that will took four hours along with 30 minutes coming from the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours along with 30 minutes.”

Existing test comes under fire coming from MPs

Both Willis along with the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted that will the difference between real-world figures along with those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process along with always contain a disclaimer about the real world along with This kind of is actually for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.

“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s along with the industry recognises that will isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices that will you could turn on from the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of that will has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created that will sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge along with all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”

Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis coming from the beginning of 2017.

Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know that will is actually old-fashioned along with not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests that will look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at that will.”

“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] that will our cars are safe. There is actually no relation to safety with This kind of issue yet we do need to regain trust along with we will do that will with transparency.”

Willis also apologised to VW customers from the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers along with the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected along with we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”

VW UK could pay back missing tax to government

Willis has promised that will the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles that will may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence that will the CO2 emissions on these cars are different from the real world. yet we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket along with if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”

The scale of VW’s global problem

In total, VW has said that will just under 11 million vehicles worldwide hold the software ‘defeat device’ that will was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable having a software upgrade, that will’s believed that will a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat designs – those featuring the 1.6-litre variation of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware adjustments to correct the issue. US designs may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need fresh fuel injectors.

VW’s fresh CEO Matthias Müller has pledged that will all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors along with the general public. The first step in This kind of direction will be a fast along with relentless examination along with explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.

“Believe me, I too am impatient. yet in This kind of situation, in which we are dealing with four brands along with many designs, care is actually more important than speed.

“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business along with financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”

VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected

Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda along with Seat have launched websites that will allow owners to check if their car is actually affected by the emissions scandal.   

The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access that will, yet has since been functioning normally. Sites coming from AudiSkoda along with Seat are all running without problem.

Government won’t hike tax bills

The Government has confirmed that will UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if that will turns out that will their cars were found to have cheated tests.

Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased from the UK along with we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of This kind of scandal.”

He also confirmed that will the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter along with that will the next round of tests will look at whether the software “is actually being used elsewhere”.

“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay just for This kind of testing if the government requests that will does so.

VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale from the UK

Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how that will will remove the illegal software that will cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.

The move covered vehicles coming from Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, along with the cars along with commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are likely to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.

A spokesman stressed that will the decision to withdraw the cars coming from sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.

that will has also been announced that will anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing coming from the sale without penalty, taking delivery of your vehicle after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of your vehicle as soon as that will is actually available along with then having the required modifications retro-fitted.

More than 1.1m UK cars affected

The full number of cars to be recalled from the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme is actually 1,189,906, along with This kind of is actually spread across several different brands from the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 designs. Skoda also carries a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat along with Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 along with 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.

In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks along with months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”

that will is actually not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming that will the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.

A spokesman had previously confirmed that will VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting that will right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days along with weeks we will write to all affected customers along with we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”

However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions could require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions along with economy figures.

The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established that will a service procedure is actually required for some several million vehicles coming from the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles coming from certain designs along with design years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”

Why did VW cheat?

A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?

If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make your vehicle compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering from the ‘defeat device’ to bypass that will equipment?

“I expect that will was pressure on the engineers that will made them do that will,” said the source. “Remember This kind of system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are today, along with the pressure to pass the tests could have been immense.

“along with I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device is actually that will without that will there could have serious consequences not from the laboratory yet on the road, either with your vehicle’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”

He went on to confirm that will technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.

So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when that will was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First that will could likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of your vehicle along with not easy to remove, second to remove that will those responsible for its installation could have first to have flagged up the fact that will they’d put that will there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”

The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] yet almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, yet still illegal”.

He said also he believed that will VW alone was using such a device along with that will all some other German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.

The one remaining question is actually who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of that will along with his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.

Whoever was responsible, that will seems likely that will more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.

11m Audis, Seats, Skodas along with VWs affected globally

While the VW Group has said that will 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are coming from Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed that will 2.1 million vehicles coming from its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed that will 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said that will 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally. 

A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all fresh Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles that will fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. This kind of therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat along with Touran designs.”

The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.

SMMT: just because VW cheated, that will doesn’t mean the whole industry is actually cheating

Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. yet we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating some other brands or companies could be unfair along with wrong.

“that will could be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.

“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers along with our own industry’s integrity, a fresh emissions test that will embraces fresh technologies, along with which is actually more representative of on the road conditions.”

VW’s global meltdown

There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions coming from around the globe since the firm admitted cheating from the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK along with the USA. The UK government has already announced that will will launch an inquiry into the scandal.

VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, along with says that will will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) along with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed that will while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations that will violate American environmental standards.

Reports have since surfaced that will Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.

According to the EPA, This kind of means that will the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which is actually linked to asthma along with lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, along with VW Passats built coming from 2014-15.

The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight along with Investigations Subcommittee.

“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy along with Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton along with Oversight along with Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.

“Manufacturers throughout the United States, along with across the globe, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA along with state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations that will certain Volkswagen designs contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.

“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned that will auto consumers may have been deceived – that will what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers along with assurances that will This kind of will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”

A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% coming from its 2015 high.

VW emissions scandal: how that will unfolded

The Volkswagen emissions scandal is actually currently headline news, yet the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming coming from two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.

May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines along with Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation that will found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions coming from two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta along having a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests. 

WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) along with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.

Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB along with the EPA that will the increased emissions coming from these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues along with unexpected in-use conditions.

December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.

6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both from the laboratory along with during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.

None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.

Summer 2015 CARB along with the EPA make that will clear that will they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold from the USA – for VW’s 2016 design year diesel vehicles until the some sort of car adequately explain the anomalous emissions along with ensure the agencies that will the 2016 design year vehicles could not have similar issues.

3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits that will has designed along with installed a defeat device in these vehicles from the form of a sophisticated software algorithm that will detects when a vehicle is actually undergoing emissions testing.

18 September 2015 CARB along with the EPA make their findings public, stating that will Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles that will did not comply with their certificates of conformity, along with second by manufacturing along with installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.

Read more on the Volkswagen emissions scandal:

Six things the firm could cut

Bugatti under threat as boss warns of ‘painful’ cuts

Blog – navel gazing at Volkswagen

Blog – Keeping up with pollution laws is actually not always easy for car makers

Blog – How Volkswagen can survive its emissions scandal

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