VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines

Saturday, October 8th, 2016 - autos

Source : VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines

Volkswagen details the technical fixes the item will use to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions legislation


Volkswagen Group has detailed the technical fixes which will be used to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions standards.

The fixes, which are for the 1.6-litre as well as also also 2.0-litre diesel engines, have been presented to the KBA authority in Germany to be ratified before being offered to the public. Volkswagen says the fixes rectify emissions on “the majority” of vehicles affected by the ongoing emissions scandal. In a statement, Volkswagen says “after implementation of the technical measures, the vehicles will comply with the applicable emissions standards.”

Detailing the measures which will be taken to remove the ‘defeat device’ software by its engines, Volkswagen revealed the following information.

EA189 1.6-litre diesel engine – VW says a completely new ‘flow transformer’, a mesh used to calm air flow around the air mass sensor, will be fitted. The sensor is actually used to measure air mass throughput, as well as also also helps to regulate the internal combustion process. In addition, a software update will be applied. In all, the fix should take less than one hour.

EA189 2.0-litre diesel engine – These engines will only receive a software update, which should take less than half an hour.

“Thanks to advances in engine development as well as also also improved upon simulation of currents inside complex air intake systems, in combination with software optimisation geared towards This particular, the item has been possible to produce a relatively simple as well as also also customer-friendly measure,” reads VW’s statement.

“The objective for the development of the technical measures is actually still to achieve the applicable emission targets in each case without any adverse effects on the engine output, fuel consumption as well as also also performance. However, as all design variants first have to be measured, the achievement of these targets cannot yet be finally confirmed.”

The technical solution for the 1.2-litre EA189 engine will be presented to the KBA at the end of This particular month, VW said. The company also said its sister brands, Audi, Seat, Skoda as well as also also VW Commerical Vehicles, were also planning their own corresponding measures to fix affected vehicles

VW admits 3.0-litre engines are affected

Earlier This particular month, VW admitted of which its 3.0-litre diesel engines are also affected by the widening emissions scandal – potentially affecting another 85,000 vehicles.

Officials by Volkswagen as well as also also Audi admitted to the US Environmental Protection Agency last week of which vehicles with those engines also contained ‘auxiliary emissions control equipment’ of which was not reported to the US authorities. the item is actually understood of which This particular latest admission affects cars by the 2009-2016 design years.

A Volkswagen spokesperson confirmed to Autocar of which This particular latest revelation only affects cars inside the US, as well as also also refers to an auxiliary emissions control device of which warms the catalyst by cold. The device is actually designed to reduce emissions as well as also also protect the engine during colder starts. The spokesperson said of which the allegation of more cheating has surfaced because VW didn’t declare the device during the vehicle homologation process. the item’s understood of which the device has been declared illegal because the item wasn’t registered as part of the test.

The EPA had alleged earlier This particular month of which VW’s 3.0-litre V6 engine was also cheating in emissions tests, something the company had initially denied. The EPA says of which NOx emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. the item has identified the VW TouaregPorsche Cayenne as well as also also Audi A6Audi A7Audi A8, Audi A8L as well as also also Audi Q5 as being potentially affected.

Speaking to Reuters, Audi spokesman Brad Stertz said of which while the auxiliary emissions control software is actually ‘legal’ in Europe, Audi did not “properly notify regulators” of the device.

Sterz said: “We are willing to take another crack at reprogramming to a degree of which the regulators deem acceptable.” He also said of which the cost of rectifying the software would likely be inside the “double digits millions of euros.”

Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement as well as also also Compliance Assurance, said: “VW has Once more failed its obligation to comply with the law of which protects clean air for all Americans.

“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, as well as also also federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, as well as also also to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”

The EPA documentation alleges of which the affected cars have “software inside the electronic control module of these vehicles of which senses when the vehicle is actually being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses of which the item is actually undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, the item operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under of which mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.

“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately alterations numerous operating parameters of which increase NOx emissions as well as also also indicates inside the software of which the item is actually transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle as well as also also type of driving conditions,” said an EPA statement.

“In various other tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher by the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”

VW executives could face jail sentences

Executives inside the UK could be imprisoned for up to 10 years for their part inside the emissions scandal, secretary of state for transport Patrick McLoughlin has revealed.

Responding to enquiries by Louise Ellman MP, who chairs the Commons’ Transport Committee, McLoughlin revealed of which the department for transport (DfT) could prosecute VW for providing “materially false” type approval information under the Road Vehicles (Approval) Regulations 2009 – an offence of which is actually liable for an unlimited fine.

He added of which the Competition as well as also also Markets Authority could launch action under the Consumer Protection by Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 for unfair commercial practices, leaving VW liable for an unlimited fine or two years’ imprisonment, or both.

Finally, he added of which the Serious Fraud Office may prosecute VW for doing a gain by false representations, an offence under the Fraud Act 2006. This particular subject to a maximum 10 years’ imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both.

inside the wide-ranging letter, McLoughlin also confirmed of which every various other maker type approved inside the UK had today written to him confirming they have not been involved in any cheating of the testing system, as well as also also he made the item clear of which the government’s primary focus was to ensure of which buyers of affected cars were not materially affected. As such, he reported he had sought reassurances by VW of which cars would likely be fixed without affecting performance by the end of 2016, as well as also also made the item clear of which VW would likely be liable for any backdated fines.

McLoughlin added of which there are “no specific plans” to change MOT emission tests at the present time, yet he admitted of which he may use the tests to monitor whether owners of affected vehicles contain the fixes put in place.

the item has since been confirmed of which fixes for the EA189 2.0-litre engine will be approved in January/February next year before being rolled out in March. Fixes for the EA189 1.2-litre engines will be approved in April/May next year as well as also also will be rolled out in June, as well as also also fixes for the EA189 1.6-litre engine will be approved in July/August/September before being rolled out in October.

He also outlined further details of the UK government’s independent testing of vehicles, to verify figures. While stressing of which such tests were at an early stage, as well as also also doing the item clear VW would likely pay for them, he added of which the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA), which is actually responsible for vehicle type approval, is actually working closely with its French as well as also also German counterparts to retest vehicles by a variety of various other manufacturers in order to avoid a duplication of effort. He said the results would likely be reported inside the spring.

Volkswagen could buy back affected vehicles in Europe

Volkswagen is actually preparing to buy back some of the vehicles affected by CO2 irregularities in Europe, as the fallout by its emissions scandal continues.

According to the Financial Times, if VW’s re-testing of those affected vehicles reveals of which CO2 emissions have been understated by more than 10%, then customers will contain the opportunity to sell their cars back to VW at the current market value.

Speaking to the paper, a Volkswagen spokesman said: “We have to think of which maybe people will give your vehicle back. When we contain the [test] figures there could be a chance for people to say ‘I can hand back my car because you told me the wrong number’.”

A statement by Volkswagen says the company has identified 430,000 VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat versions by the 2016 design year which are affected by CO2 irregularities, which form part of the 800,000 total revealed last week.

Customers affected by the CO2 irregularities can expect to receive an official letter by VW inside the coming weeks.

VW to offer cash incentives

Earlier This particular month, the item emerged of which Volkswagen would likely offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as the item tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by the emissions scandal.

Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows of which in response to concerns by VW’s British sales network, the company is actually going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age using a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf as well as also also Passat, as well as also also £1500 on the Touareg as well as also also Sharan.

The VW advice tells dealers, “This particular Insentif is actually in addition to current tactical as well as also also does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” the item adds of which the offer will last until the end of January 2016. various other vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet as well as also also Estate, Beetle as well as also also Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC as well as also also all electric vehicles.

VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the very first time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest of which a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – as well as also also VW’s loyalty Insentif is actually clearly designed to negate of which issue. the item mirrors a scheme introduced inside the United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected versions.

A VW UK spokesman said, “Any maker scheme is actually designed to react to trends inside the market, as well as also also you could say This particular does the same. We think This particular is actually an attractive offer for existing owners.”

German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers

German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced the item is actually conducting independent emissions tests on cars as well as also also vans made by 23 different marques.

In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, yet also suggested of which accusations of cheating elsewhere inside your vehicle industry had been made. the item cited “verified indications by third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.

“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, is actually taking place inside the market,” said the statement.

the item added of which the item had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, yet did not give any clues as to the results.

All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.

Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok

VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche as well as also also petrol engines implicated

In early November, the Volkswagen Group was plunged into further crisis after admitting of which up to 800,000 petrol as well as also also diesel-powered cars had their CO2 as well as also also mpg ratings wrongly certified.

In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes as well as also also workflows in connection with diesel engines the item was established of which the CO2 levels as well as also also therefore the fuel consumption figures for some versions were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”

the item also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.

A VW spokesman confirmed of which the latest scandal affects AudiSeatSkoda as well as also also VW cars with what are described as “tiny” engines. Reports suggest of which cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest of which VW BlueMotion diesel versions with three as well as also also four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.

The company said the item has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of This particular latest revelation, although the item cautioned of which the item would likely need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal as well as also also econimic implications of the discovery. the item has not said whether the item will compensate owners of affected cars.

inside the statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “by the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless as well as also also comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing as well as also also nobody. This particular is actually a painful process, yet the item is actually our only alternative. For us, the only thing of which counts is actually the truth. of which is actually the basis for the fundamental realignment of which Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets This particular situation as well as also also wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification as well as also also transparency.”

The VW statement also stressed of which the safety of the vehicles affected is actually in no way compromised.

Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. the item said: “The Supervisory Board is actually deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board as well as also also the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet inside the very near future to consult on further measures as well as also also consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift as well as also also meticulous clarification. In This particular regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board as well as also also the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities as well as also also rebuild trust.”

VW EA288 engine given the all-clear

Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying of which its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software of which has plunged the company into crisis.

German news agency DPA had reported of which early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived by the EA189 design of which’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.

VW itself issued a statement confirming of which the item was examining the engines – yet today the item says of which process has been completed as well as also also of which “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law is actually installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.

The conclusion is actually an important one for the troubled German maker because the item could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- as well as also also 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code of which sparked off the emissions scandal.

VW’s statement added, “completely new vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements as well as also also environmental standards.”

UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’

The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed of which the item won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in This particular country.

Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed of which the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already started out a voluntary recall program for cars in This particular country, yet the DfT has made clear of which “This particular is actually VW’s position as well as also also VW’s problem.”

“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure This particular happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “to ensure people inside the UK can have these problems fixed.

“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct This particular problem as well as also also support owners inside the UK. inside the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, as well as also also has been reassured of which the German authorities are working closely with VW.”

In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, is actually forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars inside the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.

Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”

Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours of which up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors inside the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP of which investigators suspect “more than two yet a lot fewer than 10 people”. 

VW’s UK boss faces MPs

Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted of which his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.

Previously, the German maker has only confirmed of which the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – as well as also also had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.

However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling by MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “the item seems by what I understand – as well as also also I’m not an engineer – of which the system of gas regulation inside the engine influenced the NOx output in cars of which we sell inside the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, as well as also also they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking the item.

“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. of which’s why we need to fix the cars, of which’s why we need to get the customers in, as well as also also of which’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.

“the item seems of which inside the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”

Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”

The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or your vehicle industry on the dieselgate scandal.

Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – by sale. He argued of which the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg of which there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details as well as also also I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him of which as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I would likely voluntarily stop selling those cars. of which phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.

“On 30th September, at 9am inside the morning, I received the VIN numbers by the various different factories. as well as also also This particular is actually the point: there were eight days between when we first knew the item affected Europe as well as also also when I stopped selling cars. as well as also also the reason for of which is actually the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different versions, several different brands, three different engines as well as also also two different transmissions.

“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, as well as also also at 1.30pm, once I had clarified the item with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. the item took four hours as well as also also 30 minutes by the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours as well as also also 30 minutes.”

Existing test comes under fire by MPs

Both Willis as well as also also the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as also also Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted of which the difference between real-world figures as well as also also those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process as well as also also always contain a disclaimer about the real world as well as also also This particular is actually for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.

“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s as well as also also the industry recognises the item isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices of which you would likely turn on inside the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of of which has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created of which sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge as well as also also all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”

Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis by the beginning of 2017.

Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know the item is actually old-fashioned as well as also also not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests of which look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at of which.”

“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] of which our cars are safe. There is actually no relation to safety with This particular issue yet we do need to regain trust as well as also also we will do of which with transparency.”

Willis also apologised to VW customers inside the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers as well as also also the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected as well as also also we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”

VW UK could pay back missing tax to government

Willis has promised of which the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles of which may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence of which the CO2 emissions on these cars are different inside the real world. yet we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket as well as also also if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”

The scale of VW’s global problem

In total, VW has said of which just under 11 million vehicles worldwide contain the software ‘defeat device’ of which was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable using a software upgrade, the item’s believed of which a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat versions – those featuring the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware alterations to correct the issue. US versions may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need completely new fuel injectors.

VW’s completely new CEO Matthias Müller has pledged of which all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors as well as also also the general public. The first step in This particular direction will be a fast as well as also also relentless examination as well as also also explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.

“Believe me, I too am impatient. yet in This particular situation, in which we are dealing with four brands as well as also also many versions, care is actually more important than speed.

“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business as well as also also financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”

VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected

Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat have launched websites of which allow owners to check if their car is actually affected by the emissions scandal.   

The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access the item, yet has since been functioning normally. Sites by AudiSkoda as well as also also Seat are all running without problem.

Government won’t hike tax bills

The Government has confirmed of which UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if the item turns out of which their cars were found to have cheated tests.

Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased inside the UK as well as also also we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of This particular scandal.”

He also confirmed of which the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter as well as also also of which the next round of tests will look at whether the software “is actually being used elsewhere”.

“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay with This particular testing if the government requests the item does so.

VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale inside the UK

Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how the item will remove the illegal software of which cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.

The move covered vehicles by Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, as well as also also the cars as well as also also commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are likely to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.

A spokesman stressed of which the decision to withdraw the cars by sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.

the item has also been announced of which anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing by the sale without penalty, taking delivery of your vehicle after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of your vehicle as soon as the item is actually available as well as also also then having the required modifications retro-fitted.

More than 1.1m UK cars affected

The full number of cars to be recalled inside the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme is actually 1,189,906, as well as also also This particular is actually spread across several different brands inside the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 versions. Skoda also features a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat as well as also also Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 as well as also also 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.

In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks as well as also also months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”

the item is actually not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming of which the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.

A spokesman had previously confirmed of which VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting the item right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days as well as also also weeks we will write to all affected customers as well as also also we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”

However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions would likely require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions as well as also also economy figures.

The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established of which a service procedure is actually required for some several million vehicles by the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles by certain versions as well as also also design years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”

Why did VW cheat?

A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?

If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make your vehicle compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering inside the ‘defeat device’ to bypass of which equipment?

“I expect the item was pressure on the engineers of which made them do the item,” said the source. “Remember This particular system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are today, as well as also also the pressure to pass the tests would likely have been immense.

“as well as also also I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device is actually of which without the item there would likely have serious consequences not inside the laboratory yet on the road, either with your vehicle’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”

He went on to confirm of which technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.

So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when the item was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First the item would likely likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of your vehicle as well as also also not easy to remove, second to remove the item those responsible for its installation would likely have first to have flagged up the fact of which they’d put the item there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”

The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] yet almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, yet still illegal”.

He said also he believed of which VW alone was using such a device as well as also also of which all various other German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.

The one remaining question is actually who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of the item as well as also also his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.

Whoever was responsible, the item seems likely of which more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.

11m Audis, Seats, Skodas as well as also also VWs affected globally

While the VW Group has said of which 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are by Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed of which 2.1 million vehicles by its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed of which 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said of which 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally. 

A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all completely new Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles of which fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. This particular therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat as well as also also Touran versions.”

The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.

SMMT: just because VW cheated, the item doesn’t mean the whole industry is actually cheating

Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as also also Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. yet we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating various other brands or companies would likely be unfair as well as also also wrong.

“the item would likely be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.

“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers as well as also also our own industry’s integrity, a completely new emissions test of which embraces completely new technologies, as well as also also which is actually more representative of on the road conditions.”

VW’s global meltdown

There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions by around the globe since the firm admitted cheating inside the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK as well as also also the USA. The UK government has already announced the item will launch an inquiry into the scandal.

VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, as well as also also says the item will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as also also the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed of which while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations of which violate American environmental standards.

Reports have since surfaced of which Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.

According to the EPA, This particular means of which the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which is actually linked to asthma as well as also also lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, as well as also also VW Passats built by 2014-15.

The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight as well as also also Investigations Subcommittee.

“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy as well as also also Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton as well as also also Oversight as well as also also Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.

“Manufacturers throughout the United States, as well as also also across the globe, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA as well as also also state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations of which certain Volkswagen versions contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.

“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned of which auto consumers may have been deceived – of which what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers as well as also also assurances of which This particular will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”

A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% by its 2015 high.

VW emissions scandal: how the item unfolded

The Volkswagen emissions scandal is actually currently headline news, yet the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming by two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.

May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines as well as also also Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation of which found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions by two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta as well as also also a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests. 

WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) as well as also also the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.

Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB as well as also also the EPA of which the increased emissions by these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues as well as also also unexpected in-use conditions.

December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.

6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both inside the laboratory as well as also also during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.

None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.

Summer 2015 CARB as well as also also the EPA make the item clear of which they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold inside the USA – for VW’s 2016 design year diesel vehicles until the maker car adequately explain the anomalous emissions as well as also also ensure the agencies of which the 2016 design year vehicles would likely not have similar issues.

3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits the item has designed as well as also also installed a defeat device in these vehicles inside the form of a sophisticated software algorithm of which detects when a vehicle is actually undergoing emissions testing.

18 September 2015 CARB as well as also also the EPA make their findings public, stating of which Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles of which did not comply with their certificates of conformity, as well as also also second by manufacturing as well as also also installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.

Read more on the Volkswagen emissions scandal:

Six things the firm could cut

Bugatti under threat as boss warns of ‘painful’ cuts

Blog – navel gazing at Volkswagen

Blog – Keeping up with pollution laws is actually not always easy for car makers

Blog – How Volkswagen can survive its emissions scandal

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