VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines
Source : VW emissions scandal: fixes announced for EA189 diesel engines
Volkswagen details the technical fixes the item will use to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions legislation
Volkswagen Group has detailed the technical fixes which will be used to bring two of its EA189 diesel engines into line with current emissions standards.
The fixes, which are for the 1.6-litre along with also 2.0-litre diesel engines, have been presented to the KBA authority in Germany to be ratified before being offered to the public. Volkswagen says the fixes rectify emissions on “the majority” of vehicles affected by the ongoing emissions scandal. In a statement, Volkswagen says “after implementation of the technical measures, the vehicles will comply with the applicable emissions standards.”
Detailing the measures which will be taken to remove the ‘defeat device’ software through its engines, Volkswagen revealed the following information.
EA189 1.6-litre diesel engine – VW says a fresh ‘flow transformer’, a mesh used to calm air flow around the air mass sensor, will be fitted. The sensor is usually used to measure air mass throughput, along with also helps to regulate the internal combustion process. In addition, a software update will be applied. In all, the fix should take less than one hour.
EA189 2.0-litre diesel engine – These engines will only receive a software update, which should take less than half an hour.
“Thanks to advances in engine development along with also improved upon simulation of currents inside complex air intake systems, in combination with software optimisation geared towards This kind of, the item has been possible to produce a relatively simple along with also customer-friendly measure,” reads VW’s statement.
“The objective for the development of the technical measures is usually still to achieve the applicable emission targets in each case without any adverse effects on the engine output, fuel consumption along with also performance. However, as all product variants first have to be measured, the achievement of these targets cannot yet be finally confirmed.”
The technical solution for the 1.2-litre EA189 engine will be presented to the KBA at the end of This kind of month, VW said. The company also said its sister brands, Audi, Seat, Skoda along with also VW Commerical Vehicles, were also planning their own corresponding measures to fix affected vehicles
VW admits 3.0-litre engines are affected
Earlier This kind of month, VW admitted which its 3.0-litre diesel engines are also affected by the widening emissions scandal – potentially affecting another 85,000 vehicles.
Officials through Volkswagen along with also Audi admitted to the US Environmental Protection Agency last week which vehicles with those engines also contained ‘auxiliary emissions control equipment’ which was not reported to the US authorities. the item is usually understood which This kind of latest admission affects cars through the 2009-2016 product years.
A Volkswagen spokesperson confirmed to Autocar which This kind of latest revelation only affects cars inside US, along with also refers to an auxiliary emissions control device which warms the catalyst through cold. The device is usually designed to reduce emissions along with also protect the engine during colder starts. The spokesperson said which the allegation of more cheating has surfaced because VW didn’t declare the device during the vehicle homologation process. the item’s understood which the device has been declared illegal because the item wasn’t registered as part of the test.
The EPA had alleged earlier This kind of month which VW’s 3.0-litre V6 engine was also cheating in emissions tests, something the company had initially denied. The EPA says which NOx emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. the item has identified the VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne along with also Audi A6, Audi A7, Audi A8, Audi A8L along with also Audi Q5 as being potentially affected.
Speaking to Reuters, Audi spokesman Brad Stertz said which while the auxiliary emissions control software is usually ‘legal’ in Europe, Audi did not “properly notify regulators” of the device.
Sterz said: “We are willing to take another crack at reprogramming to a degree which the regulators deem acceptable.” He also said which the cost of rectifying the software could be inside “double digits millions of euros.”
Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement along with also Compliance Assurance, said: “VW has Once more failed its obligation to comply with the law which protects clean air for all Americans.
“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, along with also federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, along with also to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”
The EPA documentation alleges which the affected cars have “software inside electronic control module of these vehicles which senses when the vehicle is usually being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses which the item is usually undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, the item operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under which mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.
“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately adjustments many operating parameters which increase NOx emissions along with also indicates inside software which the item is usually transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle along with also type of driving conditions,” said an EPA statement.
“In some other tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher through the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”
VW executives could face jail sentences
Executives inside UK could be imprisoned for up to 10 years for their part inside emissions scandal, secretary of state for transport Patrick McLoughlin has revealed.
Responding to enquiries through Louise Ellman MP, who chairs the Commons’ Transport Committee, McLoughlin revealed which the department for transport (DfT) could prosecute VW for providing “materially false” type approval information under the Road Vehicles (Approval) Regulations 2009 – an offence which is usually liable for an unlimited fine.
He added which the Competition along with also Markets Authority could launch action under the Consumer Protection through Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 for unfair commercial practices, leaving VW liable for an unlimited fine or two years’ imprisonment, or both.
Finally, he added which the Serious Fraud Office may prosecute VW for generating a gain through false representations, an offence under the Fraud Act 2006. This kind of subject to a maximum 10 years’ imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both.
inside wide-ranging letter, McLoughlin also confirmed which every some other company type approved inside UK had currently written to him confirming they have not been involved in any cheating of the testing system, along with also he made the item clear which the government’s primary focus was to ensure which buyers of affected cars were not materially affected. As such, he reported he had sought reassurances through VW which cars could be fixed without affecting performance by the end of 2016, along with also made the item clear which VW could be liable for any backdated fines.
McLoughlin added which there are “no specific plans” to change MOT emission tests at the present time, yet he admitted which he may use the tests to monitor whether owners of affected vehicles contain the fixes put in place.
the item has since been confirmed which fixes for the EA189 2.0-litre engine will be approved in January/February next year before being rolled out in March. Fixes for the EA189 1.2-litre engines will be approved in April/May next year along with also will be rolled out in June, along with also fixes for the EA189 1.6-litre engine will be approved in July/August/September before being rolled out in October.
He also outlined further details of the UK government’s independent testing of vehicles, to verify figures. While stressing which such tests were at an early stage, along with also generating the item clear VW could pay for them, he added which the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA), which is usually responsible for vehicle type approval, is usually working closely with its French along with also German counterparts to retest vehicles through a variety of some other manufacturers in order to avoid a duplication of effort. He said the results could be reported inside spring.
Volkswagen could buy back affected vehicles in Europe
Volkswagen is usually preparing to buy back some of the vehicles affected by CO2 irregularities in Europe, as the fallout through its emissions scandal continues.
According to the Financial Times, if VW’s re-testing of those affected vehicles reveals which CO2 emissions have been understated by more than 10%, then customers will contain the opportunity to sell their cars back to VW at the current market value.
Speaking to the paper, a Volkswagen spokesman said: “We have to think which maybe people will give the automobile back. When we contain the [test] figures there could be a chance for people to say ‘I can hand back my car because you told me the wrong number’.”
A statement through Volkswagen says the company has identified 430,000 VW, Audi, Skoda along with also Seat types through the 2016 product year which are affected by CO2 irregularities, which form part of the 800,000 total revealed last week.
Customers affected by the CO2 irregularities can expect to receive an official letter through VW inside coming weeks.
VW to offer cash incentives
Earlier This kind of month, the item emerged which Volkswagen could offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as the item tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by the emissions scandal.
Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows which in response to concerns through VW’s British sales network, the company is usually going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age having a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf along with also Passat, along with also £1500 on the Touareg along with also Sharan.
The VW advice tells dealers, “This kind of Insentif is usually in addition to current tactical along with also does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” the item adds which the offer will last until the end of January 2016. some other vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet along with also Estate, Beetle along with also Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC along with also all electric vehicles.
VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the 1st time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest which a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – along with also VW’s loyalty Insentif is usually clearly designed to negate which issue. the item mirrors a scheme introduced inside United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected types.
A VW UK spokesman said, “Any company scheme is usually designed to react to trends inside market, along with also you could say This kind of does the same. We think This kind of is usually an attractive offer for existing owners.”
German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers
German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced the item is usually conducting independent emissions tests on cars along with also vans made by 23 different marques.
In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, yet also suggested which accusations of cheating elsewhere inside car industry had been made. the item cited “verified indications through third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.
“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, is usually taking place inside market,” said the statement.
the item added which the item had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, yet did not give any clues as to the results.
All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.
Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok
VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche along with also petrol engines implicated
In early November, the Volkswagen Group was plunged into further crisis after admitting which up to 800,000 petrol along with also diesel-powered cars had their CO2 along with also mpg ratings wrongly certified.
In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes along with also workflows in connection with diesel engines the item was established which the CO2 levels thereby the fuel consumption figures for some types were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”
the item also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.
A VW spokesman confirmed which the latest scandal affects Audi, Seat, Skoda along with also VW cars with what are described as “modest” engines. Reports suggest which cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest which VW BlueMotion diesel types with three along with also four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.
The company said the item has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of This kind of latest revelation, although the item cautioned which the item could need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal along with also econimic implications of the discovery. the item has not said whether the item will compensate owners of affected cars.
inside statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “through the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless along with also comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing along with also nobody. This kind of is usually a painful process, yet the item is usually our only alternative. For us, the only thing which counts is usually the truth. which is usually the basis for the fundamental realignment which Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets This kind of situation along with also wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification along with also transparency.”
The VW statement also stressed which the safety of the vehicles affected is usually in no way compromised.
Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. the item said: “The Supervisory Board is usually deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board along with also the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet inside very near future to consult on further measures along with also consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift along with also meticulous clarification. In This kind of regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board along with also the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities along with also rebuild trust.”
VW EA288 engine given the all-clear
Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying which its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software which has plunged the company into crisis.
German news agency DPA had reported which early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived through the EA189 design which’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.
VW itself issued a statement confirming which the item was examining the engines – yet currently the item says which process has been completed along with also which “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law is usually installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.
The conclusion is usually an important one for the troubled German company because the item could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- along with also 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code which sparked off the emissions scandal.
VW’s statement added, “fresh vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements along with also environmental standards.”
UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’
The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed which the item won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in This kind of country.
Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed which the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already began a voluntary recall program for cars in This kind of country, yet the DfT has made clear which “This kind of is usually VW’s position along with also VW’s problem.”
“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure This kind of happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “in order which people inside UK can have these problems fixed.
“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct This kind of problem along with also support owners inside UK. inside past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, along with also has been reassured which the German authorities are working closely with VW.”
In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, is usually forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars inside country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.
Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”
Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours which up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors inside German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP which investigators suspect “more than two yet a lot fewer than 10 people”.
VW’s UK boss faces MPs
Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted which his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.
Previously, the German company has only confirmed which the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – along with also had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.
However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling through MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “the item seems through what I understand – along with also I’m not an engineer – which the system of gas regulation inside engine influenced the NOx output in cars which we sell inside UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, along with also they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking the item.
“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. which’s why we need to fix the cars, which’s why we need to get the customers in, along with also which’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.
“the item seems which inside test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”
Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”
The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or the automobile industry on the dieselgate scandal.
Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – through sale. He argued which the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg which there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details along with also I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him which as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I could voluntarily stop selling those cars. which phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.
“On 30th September, at 9am inside morning, I received the VIN numbers through the various different factories. along with also This kind of is usually the point: there were eight days between when we first knew the item affected Europe along with also when I stopped selling cars. along with also the reason for which is usually the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different types, all 5 different brands, three different engines along with also two different transmissions.
“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, along with also at 1.30pm, once I had clarified the item with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. the item took four hours along with also 30 minutes through the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours along with also 30 minutes.”
Existing test comes under fire through MPs
Both Willis along with also the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with also Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted which the difference between real-world figures along with also those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process along with also always contain a disclaimer about the real world along with also This kind of is usually for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.
“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s along with also the industry recognises the item isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices which you could turn on inside real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of which has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created which sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge along with also all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”
Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis through the beginning of 2017.
Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know the item is usually old-fashioned along with also not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests which look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at which.”
“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] which our cars are safe. There is usually no relation to safety with This kind of issue yet we do need to regain trust along with also we will do which with transparency.”
Willis also apologised to VW customers inside UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers along with also the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected along with also we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”
VW UK could pay back missing tax to government
Willis has promised which the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles which may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence which the CO2 emissions on these cars are different inside real world. yet we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket along with also if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”
The scale of VW’s global problem
In total, VW has said which just under 11 million vehicles worldwide contain the software ‘defeat device’ which was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable having a software upgrade, the item’s believed which a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda along with also Seat types – those featuring the 1.6-litre product of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware adjustments to correct the issue. US types may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need fresh fuel injectors.
VW’s fresh CEO Matthias Müller has pledged which all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors along with also the general public. The first step in This kind of direction will be a fast along with also relentless examination along with also explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.
“Believe me, I too am impatient. yet in This kind of situation, in which we are dealing with four brands along with also many types, care is usually more important than speed.
“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business along with also financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”
VW, Audi, Skoda along with also Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected
Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda along with also Seat have launched websites which allow owners to check if their car is usually affected by the emissions scandal.
The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access the item, yet has since been functioning normally. Sites through Audi, Skoda along with also Seat are all running without problem.
Government won’t hike tax bills
The Government has confirmed which UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if the item turns out which their cars were found to have cheated tests.
Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased inside UK along with also we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of This kind of scandal.”
He also confirmed which the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter along with also which the next round of tests will look at whether the software “is usually being used elsewhere”.
“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay just for This kind of testing if the government requests the item does so.
VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale inside UK
Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how the item will remove the illegal software which cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.
The move covered vehicles through Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, along with also the cars along with also commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are likely to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.
A spokesman stressed which the decision to withdraw the cars through sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.
the item has also been announced which anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing through the sale without penalty, taking delivery of the automobile after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of the automobile as soon as the item is usually available along with also then having the required modifications retro-fitted.
More than 1.1m UK cars affected
The full number of cars to be recalled inside UK under VW’s voluntary scheme is usually 1,189,906, along with also This kind of is usually spread across all 5 different brands inside VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 types. Skoda also features a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat along with also Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 along with also 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.
In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks along with also months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”
the item is usually not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming which the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.
A spokesman had previously confirmed which VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting the item right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days along with also weeks we will write to all affected customers along with also we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”
However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions could require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions along with also economy figures.
The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established which a service procedure is usually required for some all 5 million vehicles through the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles through certain types along with also product years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”
Why did VW cheat?
A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?
If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make the automobile compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering inside ‘defeat device’ to bypass which equipment?
“I expect the item was pressure on the engineers which made them do the item,” said the source. “Remember This kind of system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are currently, along with also the pressure to pass the tests could have been immense.
“along with also I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device is usually which without the item there could have serious consequences not inside laboratory yet on the road, either with the automobile’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”
He went on to confirm which technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.
So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when the item was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First the item could likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of the automobile along with also not easy to remove, second to remove the item those responsible for its installation could have first to have flagged up the fact which they’d put the item there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”
The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] yet almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, yet still illegal”.
He said also he believed which VW alone was using such a device along with also which all some other German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.
The one remaining question is usually who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of the item along with also his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.
Whoever was responsible, the item seems likely which more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.
11m Audis, Seats, Skodas along with also VWs affected globally
While the VW Group has said which 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are through Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed which 2.1 million vehicles through its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed which 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said which 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally.
A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all fresh Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles which fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. This kind of therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat along with also Touran types.”
The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.
SMMT: just because VW cheated, the item doesn’t mean the whole industry is usually cheating
Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with also Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. yet we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating some other brands or companies could be unfair along with also wrong.
“the item could be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.
“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers along with also our own industry’s integrity, a fresh emissions test which embraces fresh technologies, along with also which is usually more representative of on the road conditions.”
VW’s global meltdown
There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions through around the entire world since the firm admitted cheating inside US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK along with also the USA. The UK government has already announced the item will launch an inquiry into the scandal.
VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, along with also says the item will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) along with also the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed which while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations which violate American environmental standards.
Reports have since surfaced which Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.
According to the EPA, This kind of means which the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which is usually linked to asthma along with also lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, along with also VW Passats built through 2014-15.
The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight along with also Investigations Subcommittee.
“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy along with also Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton along with also Oversight along with also Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.
“Manufacturers throughout the United States, along with also across the entire world, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA along with also state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations which certain Volkswagen types contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.
“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned which auto consumers may have been deceived – which what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers along with also assurances which This kind of will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”
A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% through its 2015 high.
VW emissions scandal: how the item unfolded
The Volkswagen emissions scandal is usually currently headline news, yet the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming through two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.
May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines along with also Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation which found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions through two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta along with also a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests.
WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) along with also the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.
Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB along with also the EPA which the increased emissions through these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues along with also unexpected in-use conditions.
December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.
6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both inside laboratory along with also during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.
None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.
Summer 2015 CARB along with also the EPA make the item clear which they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold inside USA – for VW’s 2016 product year diesel vehicles until the company car adequately explain the anomalous emissions along with also ensure the agencies which the 2016 product year vehicles could not have similar issues.
3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits the item has designed along with also installed a defeat device in these vehicles inside form of a sophisticated software algorithm which detects when a vehicle is usually undergoing emissions testing.
18 September 2015 CARB along with also the EPA make their findings public, stating which Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles which did not comply with their certificates of conformity, along with also second by manufacturing along with also installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.
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