VW emissions scandal: EA288 engine given all-clear
Source : VW emissions scandal: EA288 engine given all-clear
VW says EU5 in addition to EU6 versions of EA288 don’t have emissions test cheat software; UK vehicles affected by scandal won’t be subject to a mandatory recall
Volkswagen has revealed which its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software which has plunged the company into crisis.
German news agency DPA had reported which early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived coming from the EA189 design which’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.
VW itself issued a statement confirming which which was examining the engines – although currently which says which process has been completed in addition to which “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law can be installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.
The conclusion can be an important one for the troubled German company because which could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- in addition to 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code which sparked off the emissions scandal.
VW’s statement added, “brand new vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements in addition to environmental standards.”
UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’
The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed which which won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in which country.
Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed which the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already started out a voluntary recall program for cars in which country, although the DfT has made clear which “which can be VW’s position in addition to VW’s problem.”
“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure which happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “to ensure people inside the UK can have these problems fixed.
“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct which problem in addition to support owners inside the UK. inside the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, in addition to has been reassured which the German authorities are working closely with VW.”
In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, can be forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars inside the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.
Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”
Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours which up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors inside the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP which investigators suspect “more than two although a lot fewer than 10 people”.
VW’s UK boss faces MPs
Earlier which week, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted which his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.
Previously, the German company has only confirmed which the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – in addition to had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.
However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling coming from MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “which seems coming from what I understand – in addition to I’m not an engineer – which the system of gas regulation inside the engine influenced the NOx output in cars which we sell inside the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, in addition to they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking which.
“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. which’s why we need to fix the cars, which’s why we need to get the customers in, in addition to which’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.
“which seems which inside the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”
UK’s 1.6 diesel fix won’t need a brand new urea tank
Of the 1.2 million affected cars inside the UK, Willis said 400,000 – believed to be those with the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 diesel engine – would likely need additional corrective work beyond a software upgrade, including brand new fuel injectors, in addition to which which would likely “take a longer period of time”.
However, he said which the installation of exhaust after-treatments, likely to be fitted to some cars affected inside the US inside the form of a urea tank, would likely not be necessary inside the UK. “My understanding can be which the addition of urea tanks can be not part of the solution in Europe,” he stated. “There’s a different technical configuration on the cars in addition to different technical regulations apply. My understanding can be which the costs are different, too.”
The remaining 700,000-odd units – 2.0-litre diesels in addition to around 30,000 1.2-litre diesels – can be fixed by software patches alone.
While details on the technical fix Volkswagen will use to correct the affected cars remain limited, Willis said which customers should notice no difference in fuel economy once the fix has been applied. “Our engineers are working to the brief which there cannot be any change in miles per gallon,” he said.
Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”
The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or your vehicle industry on the dieselgate scandal.
Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – coming from sale. He argued which the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg which there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details in addition to I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him which as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I would likely voluntarily stop selling those cars. which phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.
“On 30th September, at 9am inside the morning, I received the VIN numbers coming from the various different factories. in addition to which can be the point: there were eight days between when we first knew which affected Europe in addition to when I stopped selling cars. in addition to the reason for which can be the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different designs, several different brands, three different engines in addition to two different transmissions.
“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, in addition to at 1.30pm, once I had clarified which with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. which took four hours in addition to 30 minutes coming from the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours in addition to 30 minutes.”
Existing test comes under fire coming from MPs
Both Willis in addition to the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers in addition to Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted which the difference between real-world figures in addition to those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process in addition to always contain a disclaimer about the real world in addition to which can be for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.
“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s in addition to the industry recognises which isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices which you would likely turn on inside the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of which has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created which sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge in addition to all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”
Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis coming from the beginning of 2017.
Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know which can be old-fashioned in addition to not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests which look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at which.”
“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] which our cars are safe. There can be no relation to safety with which issue although we do need to regain trust in addition to we will do which with transparency.”
Willis also apologised to VW customers inside the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers in addition to the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected in addition to we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”
VW UK could pay back missing tax to government
Willis has promised which the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles which may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence which the CO2 emissions on these cars are different inside the real world. although we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket in addition to if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”
The scale of VW’s global problem
In total, VW has said which just under 11 million vehicles worldwide hold the software ‘defeat device’ which was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable that has a software upgrade, which’s believed which a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda in addition to Seat designs – those featuring the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware modifications to correct the issue. US designs may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need brand new fuel injectors.
VW’s brand new CEO Matthias Müller has pledged which all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors in addition to the general public. The first step in which direction will be a fast in addition to relentless examination in addition to explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.
“Believe me, I too am impatient. although in which situation, in which we are dealing with four brands in addition to many designs, care can be more important than speed.
“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business in addition to financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”
VW, Audi, Skoda in addition to Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected
Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda in addition to Seat have launched websites which allow owners to check if their car can be affected by the emissions scandal.
The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access which, although has since been functioning normally. Sites coming from Audi, Skoda in addition to Seat are all running without problem.
Government won’t hike tax bills
The Government has confirmed which UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if which turns out which their cars were found to have cheated tests.
Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased inside the UK in addition to we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of which scandal.”
He also confirmed which the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter in addition to which the next round of tests will look at whether the software “can be being used elsewhere”.
“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay because of which testing if the government requests which does so.
VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale inside the UK
Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how which will remove the illegal software which cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.
The move covered vehicles coming from Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, in addition to the cars in addition to commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are required to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.
A spokesman stressed which the decision to withdraw the cars coming from sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.
which has also been announced which anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing coming from the sale without penalty, taking delivery of your vehicle after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of your vehicle as soon as which can be available in addition to then having the required modifications retro-fitted.
More than 1.1m UK cars affected
The full number of cars to be recalled inside the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme can be 1,189,906, in addition to which can be spread across several different brands inside the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 designs. Skoda also carries a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat in addition to Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 in addition to 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.
In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks in addition to months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”
which can be not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming which the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.
A spokesman had previously confirmed which VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting which right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days in addition to weeks we will write to all affected customers in addition to we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”
However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions would likely require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions in addition to economy figures.
The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established which a service procedure can be required for some several million vehicles coming from the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles coming from certain designs in addition to type years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”
Why did VW cheat?
A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?
If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make your vehicle compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering inside the ‘defeat device’ to bypass which equipment?
“I expect which was pressure on the engineers which made them do which,” said the source. “Remember which system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are currently, in addition to the pressure to pass the tests would likely have been immense.
“in addition to I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device can be which without which there would likely have serious consequences not inside the laboratory although on the road, either with your vehicle’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”
He went on to confirm which technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.
So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when which was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First which would likely likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of your vehicle in addition to not easy to remove, second to remove which those responsible for its installation would likely have first to have flagged up the fact which they’d put which there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”
The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] although almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, although still illegal”.
He said also he believed which VW alone was using such a device in addition to which all additional German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.
The one remaining question can be who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of which in addition to his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.
Whoever was responsible, which seems likely which more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.
11m Audis, Seats, Skodas in addition to VWs affected globally
While the VW Group has said which 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are coming from Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed which 2.1 million vehicles coming from its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed which 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said which 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally.
A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all brand new Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles which fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. which therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat in addition to Touran designs.”
The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.
SMMT: just because VW cheated, which doesn’t mean the whole industry can be cheating
Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers in addition to Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. although we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating additional brands or companies would likely be unfair in addition to wrong.
“which would likely be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.
“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers in addition to our own industry’s integrity, a brand new emissions test which embraces brand new technologies, in addition to which can be more representative of on the road conditions.”
VW’s global meltdown
There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions coming from around the entire world since the firm admitted cheating inside the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK in addition to the USA. The UK government has already announced which will launch an inquiry into the scandal.
VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, in addition to says which will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in addition to the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed which while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations which violate American environmental standards.
Reports have since surfaced which Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.
According to the EPA, which means which the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which can be linked to asthma in addition to lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, in addition to VW Passats built coming from 2014-15.
The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight in addition to Investigations Subcommittee.
“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy in addition to Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton in addition to Oversight in addition to Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.
“Manufacturers throughout the United States, in addition to across the entire world, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA in addition to state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations which certain Volkswagen designs contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.
“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned which auto consumers may have been deceived – which what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers in addition to assurances which which will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”
A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% coming from its 2015 high.
VW emissions scandal: how which unfolded
The Volkswagen emissions scandal can be currently headline news, although the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming coming from two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.
May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines in addition to Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation which found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions coming from two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta in addition to a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests.
WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) in addition to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.
Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB in addition to the EPA which the increased emissions coming from these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues in addition to unexpected in-use conditions.
December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.
6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both inside the laboratory in addition to during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.
None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.
Summer 2015 CARB in addition to the EPA make which clear which they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold inside the USA – for VW’s 2016 type year diesel vehicles until the company car adequately explain the anomalous emissions in addition to ensure the agencies which the 2016 type year vehicles would likely not have similar issues.
3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits which has designed in addition to installed a defeat device in these vehicles inside the form of a sophisticated software algorithm which detects when a vehicle can be undergoing emissions testing.
18 September 2015 CARB in addition to the EPA make their findings public, stating which Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles which did not comply with their certificates of conformity, in addition to second by manufacturing in addition to installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.
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