VW emissions scandal: Company officials could face 10-year prison sentences in UK
Source : VW emissions scandal: Company officials could face 10-year prison sentences in UK
Secretary of State for Transport Patrick McLoughlin outlines possible legal action faced by VW executives
Volkswagen Group executives within the UK could be imprisoned for up to 10 years for their part within the emissions scandal, secretary of state for transport Patrick McLoughlin has revealed.
Responding to enquiries through Louise Ellman MP, who chairs the Commons’ Transport Committee, McLoughlin revealed that will the department for transport (DfT) could prosecute VW for providing “materially false” type approval information under the Road Vehicles (Approval) Regulations 2009 – an offence that will will be liable for an unlimited fine.
He added that will the Competition along with Markets Authority could launch action under the Consumer Protection through Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 for unfair commercial practices, leaving VW liable for an unlimited fine or two years’ imprisonment, or both.
Finally, he added that will the Serious Fraud Office may prosecute VW for doing a gain through false representations, an offence under the Fraud Act 2006. This specific subject to a maximum 10 years’ imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both.
within the wide-ranging letter, McLoughlin also confirmed that will every additional the type approved within the UK had currently written to him confirming they have not been involved in any cheating of the testing system, along with he made the item clear that will the government’s primary focus was to ensure that will buyers of affected cars were not materially affected. As such, he reported he had sought reassurances through VW that will cars would likely be fixed without affecting performance by the end of 2016, along with made the item clear that will VW would likely be liable for any backdated fines.
McLoughlin added that will there are “no specific plans” to change MOT emission tests at the present time, although he admitted that will he may use the tests to monitor whether owners of affected vehicles contain the fixes put in place.
He also outlined further details of the UK government’s independent testing of vehicles, to verify figures. While stressing that will such tests were at an early stage, along with doing the item clear VW would likely pay for them, he added that will the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA), which will be responsible for vehicle type approval, will be working closely with its French along with German counterparts to retest vehicles through a variety of additional manufacturers in order to avoid a duplication of effort. He said the results would likely be reported within the spring.
Volkswagen could although back affected vehicles in Europe
Volkswagen will be preparing to buy back some of the vehicles affected by CO2 irregularities in Europe, as the fallout through its emissions scandal continues.
According to the Financial Times, if VW’s re-testing of those affected vehicles reveals that will CO2 emissions have been understated by more than 10%, then customers will contain the opportunity to sell their cars back to VW at the current market value.
Speaking to the paper, a Volkswagen spokesman said: “We have to think that will maybe people will give your vehicle back. When we contain the [test] figures there could be a chance for people to say ‘I can hand back my car because you told me the wrong number’.”
A statement through Volkswagen says the company has identified 430,000 VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat versions through the 2016 type year which are affected by CO2 irregularities, which form part of the 800,000 total revealed last week.
Customers affected by the CO2 irregularities can expect to receive an official letter through VW within the coming weeks.
VW to offer cash incentives
Earlier This specific month, the item emerged that will Volkswagen would likely offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as the item tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by the emissions scandal.
Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows that will in response to concerns through VW’s British sales network, the company will be going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age which has a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf along with Passat, along with £1500 on the Touareg along with Sharan.
The VW advice tells dealers, “This specific Insentif will be in addition to current tactical along with does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” the item adds that will the offer will last until the end of January 2016. additional vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet along with Estate, Beetle along with Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC along with all electric vehicles.
VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the 1st time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest that will a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – along with VW’s loyalty Insentif will be clearly designed to negate that will issue. the item mirrors a scheme introduced within the United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected versions.
A VW UK spokesman said, “Any the scheme will be designed to react to trends within the market, along with you could say This specific does the same. We think This specific will be an attractive offer for existing owners.”
German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers
German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced the item will be conducting independent emissions tests on cars along with vans made by 23 different marques.
In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, although also suggested that will accusations of cheating elsewhere within your vehicle industry had been made. the item cited “verified indications through third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.
“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, will be taking place within the market,” said the statement.
the item added that will the item had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, although did not give any clues as to the results.
All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.
Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok
VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche along with petrol engines implicated
In early November, the Volkswagen Group was plunged into further crisis after admitting that will up to 800,000 petrol along with diesel-powered cars had their CO2 along with mpg ratings wrongly certified.
In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes along with workflows in connection with diesel engines the item was established that will the CO2 levels therefore the fuel consumption figures for some versions were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”
the item also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.
A VW spokesman confirmed that will the latest scandal affects Audi, Seat, Skoda along with VW cars with what are described as “tiny” engines. Reports suggest that will cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest that will VW BlueMotion diesel versions with three along with four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.
The company said the item has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of This specific latest revelation, although the item cautioned that will the item would likely need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal along with econimic implications of the discovery. the item has not said whether the item will compensate owners of affected cars.
within the statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “through the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless along with comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing along with nobody. This specific will be a painful process, although the item will be our only alternative. For us, the only thing that will counts will be the truth. that will will be the basis for the fundamental realignment that will Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets This specific situation along with wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification along with transparency.”
The VW statement also stressed that will the safety of the vehicles affected will be in no way compromised.
Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. the item said: “The Supervisory Board will be deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board along with the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet within the very near future to consult on further measures along with consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift along with meticulous clarification. In This specific regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board along with the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities along with rebuild trust.”
EPA alleges 3.0-litre V6 diesels also cheated system
America’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has claimed the item has found more evidence of the Volkswagen Group running an illegal defeat device on its 3.0-litre diesel engines, saying the scandal has currently widened to affect Porsche.
The EPA alleges that will VW installed software designed to defeat emissions tests on vehicles with 3.0-litre, six-cylinder diesel engines that will were on sale through 2013 to date, along with says NoX emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. the item has identified the VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne along with Audi A6, Audi A7, Audi A8, Audi A8L along with Audi Q5 as being potentially affected. In total, 10,000 cars within the US have been implicated.
“VW has Yet again failed its obligation to comply with the law that will protects clean air for all Americans,” said Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement along with Compliance Assurance.
“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, along with federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, along with to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”
A statement through Porsche expressed shock at the claims. The statement read: “We are surprised to learn This specific information. Until This specific notice, all of our information was that will the Porsche Cayenne Diesel will be fully compliant. Porsche Cars North America will cooperate fully with all relevant authorities.”
A statement through the VW Group said: “The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) informed Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft on Monday that will vehicles with V6 TDI engines had a software function which had not been adequately described within the application process. Volkswagen AG wishes to emphasise that will no software has been installed within the power units to alter emissions characteristics in a forbidden manner. Volkswagen will cooperate fully with the EPA clarify This specific matter in its entirety.”
VW’s statement suggests that will the item believes the software will be legal, although was not correctly certified. The use of software to protect engines under prescribed circumstances will be legal – although cheating emissions tests will be forbidden.
The EPA documentation alleges that will the affected cars have “software within the electronic control module of these vehicles that will senses when the vehicle will be being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses that will the item will be undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, the item operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under that will mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.
“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately alterations numerous operating parameters that will increase NOx emissions along with indicates within the software that will the item will be transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle along with type of driving conditions.
“In additional tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher through the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”
VW EA288 engine given the all-clear
Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying that will its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software that will has plunged the company into crisis.
German news agency DPA had reported that will early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived through the EA189 design that will’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.
VW itself issued a statement confirming that will the item was examining the engines – although currently the item says that will process has been completed along with that will “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law will be installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.
The conclusion will be an important one for the troubled German the because the item could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- along with 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code that will sparked off the emissions scandal.
VW’s statement added, “fresh vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements along with environmental standards.”
UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’
The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed that will the item won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in This specific country.
Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed that will the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already commenced a voluntary recall program for cars in This specific country, although the DfT has made clear that will “This specific will be VW’s position along with VW’s problem.”
“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure This specific happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “in order that will people within the UK can have these problems fixed.
“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct This specific problem along with support owners within the UK. within the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, along with has been reassured that will the German authorities are working closely with VW.”
In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, will be forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars within the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.
Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”
Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours that will up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors within the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP that will investigators suspect “more than two although a lot fewer than 10 people”.
VW’s UK boss faces MPs
Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted that will his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.
Previously, the German the has only confirmed that will the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – along with had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.
However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling through MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “the item seems through what I understand – along with I’m not an engineer – that will the system of gas regulation within the engine influenced the NOx output in cars that will we sell within the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, along with they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking the item.
“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. that will’s why we need to fix the cars, that will’s why we need to get the customers in, along with that will’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.
“the item seems that will within the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”
UK’s 1.6 diesel fix won’t need a fresh urea tank
Of the 1.2 million affected cars within the UK, Willis said 400,000 – believed to be those with the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 diesel engine – would likely need additional corrective work beyond a software upgrade, including fresh fuel injectors, along with that will This specific would likely “take a longer period of time”.
However, he said that will the installation of exhaust after-treatments, likely to be fitted to some cars affected within the US within the form of a urea tank, would likely not be necessary within the UK. “My understanding will be that will the addition of urea tanks will be not part of the solution in Europe,” he stated. “There’s a different technical configuration on the cars along with different technical regulations apply. My understanding will be that will the costs are different, too.”
The remaining 700,000-odd units – 2.0-litre diesels along with around 30,000 1.2-litre diesels – can be fixed by software patches alone.
While details on the technical fix Volkswagen will use to correct the affected cars remain limited, Willis said that will customers should notice no difference in fuel economy once the fix has been applied. “Our engineers are working to the brief that will there cannot be any change in miles per gallon,” he said.
Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”
The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or your vehicle industry on the dieselgate scandal.
Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – through sale. He argued that will the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg that will there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details along with I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him that will as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I would likely voluntarily stop selling those cars. that will phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.
“On 30th September, at 9am within the morning, I received the VIN numbers through the various different factories. along with This specific will be the point: there were eight days between when we first knew the item affected Europe along with when I stopped selling cars. along with the reason for that will will be the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different versions, a few different brands, three different engines along with two different transmissions.
“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, along with at 1.30pm, once I had clarified the item with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. the item took four hours along with 30 minutes through the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours along with 30 minutes.”
Existing test comes under fire through MPs
Both Willis along with the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted that will the difference between real-world figures along with those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process along with always contain a disclaimer about the real world along with This specific will be for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.
“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s along with the industry recognises the item isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices that will you would likely turn on within the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of that will has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created that will sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge along with all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”
Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis through the beginning of 2017.
Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know the item will be old-fashioned along with not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests that will look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at that will.”
“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] that will our cars are safe. There will be no relation to safety with This specific issue although we do need to regain trust along with we will do that will with transparency.”
Willis also apologised to VW customers within the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers along with the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected along with we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”
VW UK could pay back missing tax to government
Willis has promised that will the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles that will may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence that will the CO2 emissions on these cars are different within the real world. although we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket along with if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”
The scale of VW’s global problem
In total, VW has said that will just under 11 million vehicles worldwide contain the software ‘defeat device’ that will was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable which has a software upgrade, the item’s believed that will a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat versions – those featuring the 1.6-litre type of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware alterations to correct the issue. US versions may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need fresh fuel injectors.
VW’s fresh CEO Matthias Müller has pledged that will all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors along with the general public. The first step in This specific direction will be a fast along with relentless examination along with explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.
“Believe me, I too am impatient. although in This specific situation, in which we are dealing with four brands along with many versions, care will be more important than speed.
“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business along with financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”
VW, Audi, Skoda along with Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected
Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda along with Seat have launched websites that will allow owners to check if their car will be affected by the emissions scandal.
The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access the item, although has since been functioning normally. Sites through Audi, Skoda along with Seat are all running without problem.
Government won’t hike tax bills
The Government has confirmed that will UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if the item turns out that will their cars were found to have cheated tests.
Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased within the UK along with we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of This specific scandal.”
He also confirmed that will the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter along with that will the next round of tests will look at whether the software “will be being used elsewhere”.
“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay with This specific testing if the government requests the item does so.
VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale within the UK
Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how the item will remove the illegal software that will cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.
The move covered vehicles through Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, along with the cars along with commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are required to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.
A spokesman stressed that will the decision to withdraw the cars through sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.
the item has also been announced that will anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing through the sale without penalty, taking delivery of your vehicle after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of your vehicle as soon as the item will be available along with then having the required modifications retro-fitted.
More than 1.1m UK cars affected
The full number of cars to be recalled within the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme will be 1,189,906, along with This specific will be spread across a few different brands within the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 versions. Skoda also includes a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat along with Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 along with 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.
In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks along with months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”
the item will be not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming that will the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.
A spokesman had previously confirmed that will VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting the item right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days along with weeks we will write to all affected customers along with we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”
However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions would likely require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions along with economy figures.
The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established that will a service procedure will be required for some a few million vehicles through the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles through certain versions along with type years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”
Why did VW cheat?
A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?
If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make your vehicle compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering within the ‘defeat device’ to bypass that will equipment?
“I expect the item was pressure on the engineers that will made them do the item,” said the source. “Remember This specific system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are currently, along with the pressure to pass the tests would likely have been immense.
“along with I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device will be that will without the item there would likely have serious consequences not within the laboratory although on the road, either with your vehicle’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”
He went on to confirm that will technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.
So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when the item was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First the item would likely likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of your vehicle along with not easy to remove, second to remove the item those responsible for its installation would likely have first to have flagged up the fact that will they’d put the item there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”
The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] although almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, although still illegal”.
He said also he believed that will VW alone was using such a device along with that will all additional German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.
The one remaining question will be who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of the item along with his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.
Whoever was responsible, the item seems likely that will more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.
11m Audis, Seats, Skodas along with VWs affected globally
While the VW Group has said that will 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are through Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed that will 2.1 million vehicles through its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed that will 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said that will 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally.
A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all fresh Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles that will fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. This specific therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat along with Touran versions.”
The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.
SMMT: just because VW cheated, the item doesn’t mean the whole industry will be cheating
Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers along with Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. although we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating additional brands or companies would likely be unfair along with wrong.
“the item would likely be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.
“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers along with our own industry’s integrity, a fresh emissions test that will embraces fresh technologies, along with which will be more representative of on the road conditions.”
VW’s global meltdown
There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions through around the planet since the firm admitted cheating within the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK along with the USA. The UK government has already announced the item will launch an inquiry into the scandal.
VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, along with says the item will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) along with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed that will while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations that will violate American environmental standards.
Reports have since surfaced that will Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.
According to the EPA, This specific means that will the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which will be linked to asthma along with lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, along with VW Passats built through 2014-15.
The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight along with Investigations Subcommittee.
“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy along with Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton along with Oversight along with Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.
“Manufacturers throughout the United States, along with across the planet, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA along with state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations that will certain Volkswagen versions contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.
“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned that will auto consumers may have been deceived – that will what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers along with assurances that will This specific will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”
A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% through its 2015 high.
VW emissions scandal: how the item unfolded
The Volkswagen emissions scandal will be currently headline news, although the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming through two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.
May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines along with Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation that will found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions through two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta along which has a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests.
WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) along with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.
Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB along with the EPA that will the increased emissions through these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues along with unexpected in-use conditions.
December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.
6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both within the laboratory along with during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.
None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.
Summer 2015 CARB along with the EPA make the item clear that will they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold within the USA – for VW’s 2016 type year diesel vehicles until the your vehicle adequately explain the anomalous emissions along with ensure the agencies that will the 2016 type year vehicles would likely not have similar issues.
3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits the item has designed along with installed a defeat device in these vehicles within the form of a sophisticated software algorithm that will detects when a vehicle will be undergoing emissions testing.
18 September 2015 CARB along with the EPA make their findings public, stating that will Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles that will did not comply with their certificates of conformity, along with second by manufacturing along with installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.
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