VW emissions scandal: Company admits 3.0-litre diesel engines are affected
Source : VW emissions scandal: Company admits 3.0-litre diesel engines are affected
Volkswagen admits in which as many as 85,000 extra vehicles have been affected by its emissions scandal, as the investigation widens to include 3.0-litre diesel engines
Volkswagen Group has admitted in which its 3.0-litre diesel engines are also affected by the widening emissions scandal – potentially affecting another 85,000 vehicles worldwide.
Reuters reports in which officials coming from Volkswagen as well as also also Audi admitted to the US Environmental Protection Agency This specific week in which vehicles with those engines also contained ‘auxiliary emissions control equipment’ in which was not reported to the US authorities. the idea will be understood in which This specific latest admission affects cars coming from the 2009-2016 product years.
The EPA had alleged earlier This specific month in which VW’s 3.0-litre V6 engine was also cheating in emissions tests, something the company had initially denied. The EPA says in which NOx emissions on the affected vehicles are up to nine times legal limits. the idea has identified the VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne as well as also also Audi A6, Audi A7, Audi A8, Audi A8L as well as also also Audi Q5 as being potentially affected.
Speaking to Reuters, Audi spokesman Brad Stertz said in which while the auxiliary emissions control software will be ‘legal’ in Europe, Audi did not “properly notify regulators” of the device.
Sterz said: “We are willing to take another crack at reprogramming to a degree in which the regulators deem acceptable.” He also said in which the cost of rectifying the software would certainly be within the “double digits millions of euros.”
Cynthia Giles, assistant administrator for the Office for EPA’s Enforcement as well as also also Compliance Assurance, said: “VW has Once more failed its obligation to comply with the law in which protects clean air for all Americans.
“All companies should be playing by the same rules. EPA, with our state, as well as also also federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious matters, to secure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, ensure a level playing field for responsible businesses, as well as also also to ensure consumers get the environmental performance they expect.”
The EPA documentation alleges in which the affected cars have “software within the electronic control module of these vehicles in which senses when the vehicle will be being tested for compliance with EPA emissions standards. When the vehicle senses in which the idea will be undergoing a federal emissions test procedure, the idea operates in a low NOx ‘temperature conditioning’ mode. Under in which mode, the vehicle meets emission standards.
“At exactly one second after the completion of the initial phases of the standard test procedure, the vehicle immediately improvements quite a few operating parameters in which increase NOx emissions as well as also also indicates within the software in which the idea will be transitioning to ‘normal mode’ where emissions of NOx increase up to nine times the EPA standard, depending on the vehicle as well as also also type of driving conditions,” said an EPA statement.
“In different tests where the vehicle does not experience driving conditions similar to the start of the federal test procedure, the emissions are higher coming from the start, consistent with ‘normal mode.’”
VW executives could face jail sentences
Executives within the UK could be imprisoned for up to 10 years for their part within the emissions scandal, secretary of state for transport Patrick McLoughlin has revealed.
Responding to enquiries coming from Louise Ellman MP, who chairs the Commons’ Transport Committee, McLoughlin revealed in which the department for transport (DfT) could prosecute VW for providing “materially false” type approval information under the Road Vehicles (Approval) Regulations 2009 – an offence in which will be liable for an unlimited fine.
He added in which the Competition as well as also also Markets Authority could launch action under the Consumer Protection coming from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 for unfair commercial practices, leaving VW liable for an unlimited fine or two years’ imprisonment, or both.
Finally, he added in which the Serious Fraud Office may prosecute VW for generating a gain coming from false representations, an offence under the Fraud Act 2006. This specific subject to a maximum 10 years’ imprisonment, an unlimited fine, or both.
within the wide-ranging letter, McLoughlin also confirmed in which every different some sort of type approved within the UK had currently written to him confirming they have not been involved in any cheating of the testing system, as well as also also he made the idea clear in which the government’s primary focus was to ensure in which buyers of affected cars were not materially affected. As such, he reported he had sought reassurances coming from VW in which cars would certainly be fixed without affecting performance by the end of 2016, as well as also also made the idea clear in which VW would certainly be liable for any backdated fines.
McLoughlin added in which there are “no specific plans” to change MOT emission tests at the present time, nevertheless he admitted in which he may use the tests to monitor whether owners of affected vehicles develop the fixes put in place.
He also outlined further details of the UK government’s independent testing of vehicles, to verify figures. While stressing in which such tests were at an early stage, as well as also also generating the idea clear VW would certainly pay for them, he added in which the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA), which will be responsible for vehicle type approval, will be working closely with its French as well as also also German counterparts to retest vehicles coming from a variety of different manufacturers in order to avoid a duplication of effort. He said the results would certainly be reported within the spring.
Volkswagen could buy back affected vehicles in Europe
Volkswagen will be preparing to buy back some of the vehicles affected by CO2 irregularities in Europe, as the fallout coming from its emissions scandal continues.
According to the Financial Times, if VW’s re-testing of those affected vehicles reveals in which CO2 emissions have been understated by more than 10%, then customers will develop the opportunity to sell their cars back to VW at the current market value.
Speaking to the paper, a Volkswagen spokesman said: “We have to think in which maybe people will give the automobile back. When we develop the [test] figures there could be a chance for people to say ‘I can hand back my car because you told me the wrong number’.”
A statement coming from Volkswagen says the company has identified 430,000 VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat designs coming from the 2016 product year which are affected by CO2 irregularities, which form part of the 800,000 total revealed last week.
Customers affected by the CO2 irregularities can expect to receive an official letter coming from VW within the coming weeks.
VW to offer cash incentives
Earlier This specific month, the idea emerged in which Volkswagen would certainly offer cash incentives of up to £1500 to existing UK customers as the idea tries to avert the potential sales affect caused by the emissions scandal.
Dealer correspondence leaked to Autocar shows in which in response to concerns coming from VW’s British sales network, the company will be going to top up any discounts offered to existing customers trading in a VW of any age using a further cash incentive – £400 on the Up city car, rising to £1000 on the Golf as well as also also Passat, as well as also also £1500 on the Touareg as well as also also Sharan.
The VW advice tells dealers, “This specific Insentif will be in addition to current tactical as well as also also does not impact your ability to determine the selling cost of the vehicle.” the idea adds in which the offer will last until the end of January 2016. different vehicles eligible for a £1000 incentive include Golf SV, Cabriolet as well as also also Estate, Beetle as well as also also Beetle Cabriolet, Scirocco, Jetta, Touran, Tiguan, CC as well as also also all electric vehicles.
VW’s British sales dipped slightly in October – along with those of several of its rivals, as the official figures dropped for the 1st time in 43 months. However, market analysts suggest in which a large number of potential buyers are delaying their purchase – as well as also also VW’s loyalty Insentif will be clearly designed to negate in which issue. the idea mirrors a scheme introduced within the United States, where existing customers can get up to $1500 off selected designs.
A VW UK spokesman said, “Any some sort of scheme will be designed to react to trends within the market, as well as also also you could say This specific does the same. We think This specific will be an attractive offer for existing owners.”
German emissions investigators target 23 different manufacturers
German automotive industry regulator Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) has announced the idea will be conducting independent emissions tests on cars as well as also also vans made by 23 different marques.
In a statement, the KBA said the tests were being conducted as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, nevertheless also suggested in which accusations of cheating elsewhere within the automobile industry had been made. the idea cited “verified indications coming from third parties regarding unusual pollutants emissions“.
“Since the end of September, KBA has been investigating whether further manipulation of emissions, of nitrogen oxides in particular, will be taking place within the market,” said the statement.
the idea added in which the idea had already tested two-thirds of the vehicles named, comparing laboratory test results with real-world figures, nevertheless did not give any clues as to the results.
All of the KBA’s tests are believed to be focused on diesel engines.
Alfa Romeo: Alfa Romeo GuiliettaAudi: Audi A6, Audi A3BMW: BMW 3 Series, BMW 5 SeriesChevrolet: Chevrolet CruzeDacia: SD engineFiat: Fiat Panda, Fiat DucatoFord: Ford Focus, Ford C-MaxHonda: Honda HR-VHyundai: Hyundai iX35, Hyundai i20Land Rover: Range Rover EvoqueJeep: Jeep CherokeeMazda: Mazda 6Mercedes: Mercedes C-Class, Mercedes CLS, Mercedes Sprinter, Mercedes V-ClassMini: Mini CooperMitsubishi: Mitsubishi ASXNissan: Nissan NavaraPeugeot: Peugeot 308Porsche: Porsche MacanRenault: Renault KadjarSmart: Smart FortwoToyota: Toyota AurisVauxhall: Vauxhall Astra, Vauxhall Insignia, Vauxhall ZafiraVolvo: Volvo V60VW: VW Golf, VW Beetle, VW Passat, VW Touran, VW Touareg, VW Golf Sportsvan, VW Polo, VW Crafter, VW Amarok
VW Group admits 800,000 cars may have false CO2 ratings; Porsche as well as also also petrol engines implicated
In early November, the Volkswagen Group was plunged into further crisis after admitting in which up to 800,000 petrol as well as also also diesel-powered cars had their CO2 as well as also also mpg ratings wrongly certified.
In a statement, VW revealed: “Under the ongoing review of all processes as well as also also workflows in connection with diesel engines the idea was established in which the CO2 levels thereby the fuel consumption figures for some designs were set too low during the CO2 certification process. The majority of the vehicles concerned have diesel engines.”
the idea also pledged to “immediately start a dialogue with the responsible type approval agencies regarding the consequences of these findings”. The statement also described the situation as a “not yet fully explained issue”.
A VW spokesman confirmed in which the latest scandal affects Audi, Seat, Skoda as well as also also VW cars with what are described as “tiny” engines. Reports suggest in which cars powered by the 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol engine with Cylinder On Demand technology are affected. Further reports suggest in which VW BlueMotion diesel designs with three as well as also also four-cylinder diesel engines are also affected.
The company said the idea has set aside two billion euros (£1.4bn) to cover the cost of This specific latest revelation, although the idea cautioned in which the idea would certainly need to consult officials before fully understanding the legal as well as also also econimic implications of the discovery. the idea has not said whether the idea will compensate owners of affected cars.
within the statement, Matthias Müller, CEO of Volkswagen, said: “coming from the very start I have pushed hard for the relentless as well as also also comprehensive clarification of events. We will stop at nothing as well as also also nobody. This specific will be a painful process, nevertheless the idea will be our only alternative. For us, the only thing in which counts will be the truth. in which will be the basis for the fundamental realignment in which Volkswagen needs. The Board of Management of Volkswagen AG deeply regrets This specific situation as well as also also wishes to underscore its determination to systematically continue along the present path of clarification as well as also also transparency.”
The VW statement also stressed in which the safety of the vehicles affected will be in no way compromised.
Meanwhile, the Supervisory Board of the VW Group issues a separate statement expressing alarm at the latest discovery. the idea said: “The Supervisory Board will be deeply concerned by the discovery of irregularities found when determining CO2 levels for the type approval of Volkswagen Group vehicles. The Supervisory Board as well as also also the special committee set up for the purpose of clarification will meet within the very near future to consult on further measures as well as also also consequences. The Supervisory Board will continue to ensure swift as well as also also meticulous clarification. In This specific regard, the latest findings must be an incentive for the Supervisory Board as well as also also the Board of Management to do their utmost to resolve such irregularities as well as also also rebuild trust.”
VW EA288 engine given the all-clear
Following a previous rumour of more widespread cheating, Volkswagen was forced to issue a statement saying in which its EA288 engine does not contain the ‘defeat device’ software in which has plunged the company into crisis.
German news agency DPA had reported in which early EU5-compliant versions of the EA288 motor – a unit derived coming from the EA189 design in which’s been at the heart of the emissions scandal – were under scrutiny by VW engineers as they tried to establish the full extent of the problem.
VW itself issued a statement confirming in which the idea was examining the engines – nevertheless currently the idea says in which process has been completed as well as also also in which “no software constituting an improper defeat device as defined in law will be installed in vehicles with EA288 engines”.
The conclusion will be an important one for the troubled German some sort of because the idea could have faced millions of further recalls if the EA288 engines – sold in 1.6- as well as also also 2.0-litre versions across the VW Group’s range of brands – had been found to contain the code in which sparked off the emissions scandal.
VW’s statement added, “completely new vehicles of the Volkswagen Group offered within the European Union with those engines comply with legal requirements as well as also also environmental standards.”
UK recall ‘won’t be mandatory’
The UK’s Department for Transport has confirmed in which the idea won’t be issuing a mandatory recall for cars affected by Volkswagen’s emissions scandal in This specific country.
Speaking to Autocar, a DfT spokesman confirmed in which the UK won’t follow the example set by the German authorities in issuing a mandatory recall for affected cars. Volkswagen has already began a voluntary recall program for cars in This specific country, nevertheless the DfT has made clear in which “This specific will be VW’s position as well as also also VW’s problem.”
“We will continue to put pressure on VW to make sure This specific happens as quickly as possible,” said the spokesman “to ensure in which people within the UK can have these problems fixed.
“The government has been putting pressure on VW to address these issues quickly. The government expects VW to set up the next steps on how they are going to correct This specific problem as well as also also support owners within the UK. within the past few weeks the Transport Secretary has spoken to the German Transport Minister about the actions of VW, as well as also also has been reassured in which the German authorities are working closely with VW.”
In Germany, the federal transport authority, the KBA, will be forcing Volkswagen to recall the 2.4 million cars within the country which have its ‘defeat device’ software installed.
Criminal enquiry targets “fewer than 10 staff”
Criminal prosecutors in German who are investigating the dieselgate scandal have identified fewer than 10 suspects, despite earlier rumours in which up to 30 staff could be implicated. Klaus Ziehe, spokesman for the prosecutors within the German city of Brunswick, told news agency AFP in which investigators suspect “more than two nevertheless a lot fewer than 10 people”.
VW’s UK boss faces MPs
Last month, Volkswagen UK boss Paul Willis admitted in which his company’s so-called ‘defeat device’ did affect the results of emissions tests in Europe.
Previously, the German some sort of has only confirmed in which the software-based emissions cheat was present on some vehicles in Europe – as well as also also had not outlined whether the defeat device was active during the NEDC emissions test used across the EU.
However, when asked during a 45-minute grilling coming from MPs on the transport select committee if the defeat device had been used during type approval testing for the UK, Willis admitted, “the idea seems coming from what I understand – as well as also also I’m not an engineer – in which the system of gas regulation within the engine influenced the NOx output in cars in which we sell within the UK. These cars are type approved across all of Europe, of course, as well as also also they’re type approved in Germany, with separate people overlooking the idea.
“We mishandled the situation in so far as our engines behaved differently within the testing regime to the real world. in which’s why we need to fix the cars, in which’s why we need to get the customers in, as well as also also in which’s why we need to put the cars right. We mishandled the situation, without a shadow of a doubt.
“the idea seems in which within the test regime the engine behaved differently to the real-world situation via software. The software affected the flow of gas to the engine which reduced the NOx.”
UK’s 1.6 diesel fix won’t need a completely new urea tank
Of the 1.2 million affected cars within the UK, Willis said 400,000 – believed to be those with the 1.6-litre edition of the EA189 diesel engine – would certainly need additional corrective work beyond a software upgrade, including completely new fuel injectors, as well as also also in which This specific would certainly “take a longer period of time”.
However, he said in which the installation of exhaust after-treatments, likely to be fitted to some cars affected within the US within the form of a urea tank, would certainly not be necessary within the UK. “My understanding will be in which the addition of urea tanks will be not part of the solution in Europe,” he stated. “There’s a different technical configuration on the cars as well as also also different technical regulations apply. My understanding will be in which the costs are different, too.”
The remaining 700,000-odd units – 2.0-litre diesels as well as also also around 30,000 1.2-litre diesels – can be fixed by software patches alone.
While details on the technical fix Volkswagen will use to correct the affected cars remain limited, Willis said in which customers should notice no difference in fuel economy once the fix has been applied. “Our engineers are working to the brief in which there cannot be any change in miles per gallon,” he said.
Willis said VW reacted “as quickly as possible”
The session at the House of Commons was the first opportunity for the transport select committee – a cross-party Centeng made up of 11 MPs – to question VW representatives or the automobile industry on the dieselgate scandal.
Willis came under particular pressure on the amount of time taken by VW UK to remove affected vehicles – around 4000 cars still on the market – coming from sale. He argued in which the firm had acted as quickly as possible, saying, “On 22nd September we were made aware by VW headquarters in Wolfsburg in which there was a potential problem with diesel engines. On 28th September we were getting more details as well as also also I phoned Mr McLoughlin [Patrick McLoughin, the Transport Secretary] to say to him in which as soon as I knew which vehicles were affected, I would certainly voluntarily stop selling those cars. in which phone call took place at 3pm on 28th September.
“On 30th September, at 9am within the morning, I received the VIN numbers coming from the various different factories. as well as also also This specific will be the point: there were eight days between when we first knew the idea affected Europe as well as also also when I stopped selling cars. as well as also also the reason for in which will be the complexity of the number of cars involved. There are 60 different designs, several different brands, three different engines as well as also also two different transmissions.
“I found the VIN numbers out precisely at 9am, as well as also also at 1.30pm, once I had clarified the idea with the computer systems, I stopped selling those cars voluntarily. the idea took four hours as well as also also 30 minutes coming from the time I knew the affected cars until I took action – four hours as well as also also 30 minutes.”
Existing test comes under fire coming from MPs
Both Willis as well as also also the chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as also also Traders, Mike Hawes, were asked if the current emissions testing procedure was fit for purpose. Hawes admitted in which the difference between real-world figures as well as also also those provided by the NEDC could be “up to 30%”. “These figures are meant for a comparison process as well as also also always contain a disclaimer about the real world as well as also also This specific will be for some very sensible comparitive reasons,” he said.
“The test cycle dates back to the early 1980s as well as also also the industry recognises the idea isn’t fit for purpose,” he added. “When you put a vehicle on the test cycle, for instance, all of the electronic devices in which you would certainly turn on within the real world – air-conditioning, heating, sat-nav, Bluetooth – all of in which has to be switched off, by law, because when the regulation was created in which sort of technology wasn’t available. Then there’s the issue of real-world driving conditions – congestion, temperature, load, gradient – all huge as well as also also all ruled out by the test cycle to get a repeatable cycle.”
Hawes said he believes a more realistic testing cycle will be introduced on a compulsory basis coming from the beginning of 2017.
Willis also criticised the current testing procedure. He said: “If we look at the test regime on emissions, we know the idea will be old-fashioned as well as also also not fit for purpose. We need completely independent tests in which look at all sorts of detail, like Euro NCAP, which uses real-world testing. We need to look at in which.”
“We have a duty to the public to reassure them [customers] in which our cars are safe. There will be no relation to safety with This specific issue nevertheless we do need to regain trust as well as also also we will do in which with transparency.”
Willis also apologised to VW customers within the UK saying: “Volkswagen has significantly let down its customers as well as also also the wider public. We recognise we’ve fallen short of the standards expected as well as also also we will take all the necessary steps to regain trust.”
VW UK could pay back missing tax to government
Willis has promised in which the VW Group will speak to Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs to discuss any tax payments on vehicles in which may need to be made the wake of the dieselgate scandal. When asked if the firm had measures in place to compensate the Treasury for any revenues missed because of the defeat devices, Willis said, “I’m not sure there’s any clear evidence in which the CO2 emissions on these cars are different within the real world. nevertheless we can have a conversation downstream. The British taxpayer should not be out of pocket as well as also also if necessary, we will have a meeting with HMRC.”
The scale of VW’s global problem
In total, VW has said in which just under 11 million vehicles worldwide develop the software ‘defeat device’ in which was exposed in American emissions tests last month. While two-thirds are thought to be fixable using a software upgrade, the idea’s believed in which a total of 3.6 million affected VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat designs – those featuring the 1.6-litre edition of the EA189 turbodiesel engine – will require hardware improvements to correct the issue. US designs may require the addition of a urea tank, whereas European editions of the 1.6 are likely to need completely new fuel injectors.
VW’s completely new CEO Matthias Müller has pledged in which all affected cars will be fixed by the end of next year. He added: “Our most important task will be to regain lost confidence with our customers, partners, investors as well as also also the general public. The first step in This specific direction will be a fast as well as also also relentless examination as well as also also explanation. Only when everything comes to the table, only when things are completely explained, only then will people trust us again.
“Believe me, I too am impatient. nevertheless in This specific situation, in which we are dealing with four brands as well as also also many designs, care will be more important than speed.
“The technical solutions to the problems are in sight. By contrast, the business as well as also also financial consequences are not yet foreseeable.”
VW, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat launch websites for owners to check if they are affected
Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat have launched websites in which allow owners to check if their car will be affected by the emissions scandal.
The VW site collapsed soon after launch as a result of the amount of traffic trying to access the idea, nevertheless has since been functioning normally. Sites coming from Audi, Skoda as well as also also Seat are all running without problem.
Government won’t hike tax bills
The Government has confirmed in which UK taxpayers will not be hit by a higher tax bill if the idea turns out in which their cars were found to have cheated tests.
Transport secretary Patrick McLoughlin said: “The government expects VW to support owners of these vehicles already purchased within the UK as well as also also we are playing our part by ensuring no one will end up with higher tax costs as a result of This specific scandal.”
He also confirmed in which the Department for Transport has pushed for more clarity on the matter as well as also also in which the next round of tests will look at whether the software “will be being used elsewhere”.
“Neither cars, nor the testing facilities will be provided by the vehicle industry themselves”. VW has offered to pay with This specific testing if the government requests the idea does so.
VW’s remaining EU5 stock taken off sale within the UK
Following the scandal, Volkswagen Group UK took 4000 cars fitted with the EA189 engine off sale, pending investigations into how the idea will remove the illegal software in which cheated US emissions tests while still ensuring the cars comply with all emissions regulations.
The move covered vehicles coming from Audi, Seat, Skoda, Volkswagen, as well as also also the cars as well as also also commercial vehicles affected represent around 3% of the Group’s total UK stock. They are likely to be put back on sale once the Group’s modifications have been put in place.
A spokesman stressed in which the decision to withdraw the cars coming from sale was a voluntary measure, rather than a regulatory one. The vehicles remained on sale beyond the September 1 deadline for Euro 6 emissions regulations to come in to effect because legislation allows manufactures to clear stock of Euro 5 engined vehicles. VW has previously confirmed all of its cars fitted with the latest, Euro 6-classified engines are fully legal.
the idea has also been announced in which anyone with an order placed for an affected car will be given the choice of withdrawing coming from the sale without penalty, taking delivery of the automobile after the modifications have been fitted or taking delivery of the automobile as soon as the idea will be available as well as also also then having the required modifications retro-fitted.
More than 1.1m UK cars affected
The full number of cars to be recalled within the UK under VW’s voluntary scheme will be 1,189,906, as well as also also This specific will be spread across several different brands within the VW Group. Volkswagen accounts for the majority, with 508,276 cars affected, while Audi has to recall 393,450 designs. Skoda also incorporates a notable number affected, with 131,569. Seat as well as also also Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles are also involved, with 76,773 as well as also also 79,838 vehicles being recalled respectively.
In a statement, the firm said: “Customers with these vehicles will be kept informed over the coming weeks as well as also also months. All of the Group brands affected will set up national websites to update customers on developments.”
the idea will be not yet known whether the owners of affected cars will be offered compensation. Various lobbying groups are claiming in which the potential loss of value to the cars should be reimbursed by Volkswagen.
A spokesman had previously confirmed in which VW will not rush a technical solution, preferring to focus on getting the idea right. He said: “We don’t want to be fast – we want to be certain. Over the next days as well as also also weeks we will write to all affected customers as well as also also we will put in place free-of-charge fixes for all affected customers.”
However, the spokesman was unable to confirm whether the revisions would certainly require the vehicles to be recertified for their emissions as well as also also economy figures.
The official VW statement reads: “An internal evaluation on Friday established in which a service procedure will be required for some several million vehicles coming from the Volkswagen Passenger Cars brand out of a total eleven million Group vehicles worldwide. These vehicles coming from certain designs as well as also also product years (such as the sixth generation Volkswagen Golf, the seventh generation Volkswagen Passat or the first generation Volkswagen Tiguan) are fitted with Type EA 189 diesel engines.”
Why did VW cheat?
A senior source within the German car industry has shed light on the most significant outstanding question of the VW emissions scandal, namely why?
If the offending cars have all the emissions equipment on board to make the automobile compliant with the regulations, why take such an enormous risk engineering within the ‘defeat device’ to bypass in which equipment?
“I expect the idea was pressure on the engineers in which made them do the idea,” said the source. “Remember This specific system was designed some time ago when emissions controls were not as sophisticated as they are currently, as well as also also the pressure to pass the tests would certainly have been immense.
“as well as also also I imagine the reason they installed the defeat device will be in which without the idea there would certainly have serious consequences not within the laboratory nevertheless on the road, either with the automobile’s performance, driveability, fuel consumption or some combination of the three.”
He went on to confirm in which technology has since evolved sufficiently for there to be no need for such devices today.
So why, then, did VW not simply stop using the defeat device when the idea was no longer needed? “There are two possible reasons. First the idea would certainly likely have been integrated within the entire electronic architecture of the automobile as well as also also not easy to remove, second to remove the idea those responsible for its installation would certainly have first to have flagged up the fact in which they’d put the idea there, which they’d probably not be too keen to do…”
The source said he believed the defeat device was likely to be present also on VW products sold in Europe with the EA189 engine [since confirmed by a German minister] nevertheless almost certainly not active which he said, was “nothing like as bad as having active, nevertheless still illegal”.
He said also he believed in which VW alone was using such a device as well as also also in which all different German car manufacturers had no equivalent systems on the cars they sold today.
The one remaining question will be who signed off the defeat device. Former VW boss Martin Winterkorn has denied knowledge of the idea as well as also also his resignation, while inevitable, was no kind of admission of guilt.
Whoever was responsible, the idea seems likely in which more heads will have to roll before the true picture emerges.
11m Audis, Seats, Skodas as well as also also VWs affected globally
While the VW Group has said in which 11 million vehicles worldwide are affected by the scandal, only 5m are coming from Volkswagen brand itself. Audi has revealed in which 2.1 million vehicles coming from its brand are affected worldwide, with 1.42 million of those being in Western Europe. Skoda has also revealed in which 1.2 million of its cars worldwide are affected by the scandal. Seat has said in which 700,000 of its vehicles are affected globally.
A VW Group statement read: “As previously announced, all completely new Volkswagen Passenger Car brand vehicles in which fulfill the EU6 norm valid throughout Europe are not affected. This specific therefore also includes the current Golf, Passat as well as also also Touran designs.”
The figures also include 1.8 million light commercial vehicles.
SMMT: just because VW cheated, the idea doesn’t mean the whole industry will be cheating
Speaking at a conference on air quality, chief executive of the Society of Motor Manufacturers as well as also also Traders (SMMT) Mike Hawes said: “Consumers are right to be concerned following the events of the past ten days. nevertheless we must remember, the actions of one company do not mean collusion. Implicating different brands or companies would certainly be unfair as well as also also wrong.
“the idea would certainly be wrong to penalise all diesels. The latest diesel vehicles are the cleanest ever – effectively reducing nitrogen oxide levels by 92% compared with earlier generations. They make a significant contribution to climate change targets, an environmental challenge which cannot be ignored.
“We recognise the current regulations for testing are out of date. We want, for consumers as well as also also our own industry’s integrity, a completely new emissions test in which embraces completely new technologies, as well as also also which will be more representative of on the road conditions.”
VW’s global meltdown
There have been calls for governmental probes in to VW’s actions coming from around the entire world since the firm admitted cheating within the US emissions tests, including in Canada, Germany, Italy, South Korea, UK as well as also also the USA. The UK government has already announced the idea will launch an inquiry into the scandal.
VW has put aside a fund of €6.5bn (approximately £4.7bn) to cover the costs of dealing with the issue, as well as also also says the idea will adjust its financial targets for 2015 as a result. The matter came to light when the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as well as also also the California Air Resources Board (CARB) revealed in which while testing 2.0-litre, four-cylinder diesel cars of the Volkswagen Group they detected electronic manipulations in which violate American environmental standards.
Reports have since surfaced in which Volkswagen was warned about the legality of its software as far back as 2007.
According to the EPA, This specific means in which the cars under investigation could be emitting up to 40 times the national standard for nitrogen oxide (NOx), which will be linked to asthma as well as also also lung illnesses. The cars affected are 2009-2014 Jettas, Beetles, Golfs, Audi A3s, as well as also also VW Passats built coming from 2014-15.
The issue will be investigated by the US Congress’s Oversight as well as also also Investigations Subcommittee.
“Strong emissions standards are in place for the benefit of public health,” said House Energy as well as also also Commerce Committee Chairman Fred Upton as well as also also Oversight as well as also also Investigations Subcommittee Chairman Tim Murphy in a joint statement.
“Manufacturers throughout the United States, as well as also also across the entire world, have developed leading technologies to reduce airborne emissions within the limits set by EPA as well as also also state environmental agencies. However, reported EPA allegations in which certain Volkswagen designs contained software to defeat auto emissions tests raise serious questions,” they said.
“We will follow the facts. We are also concerned in which auto consumers may have been deceived – in which what they were purchasing did not come as advertised. The American people deserve answers as well as also also assurances in which This specific will not happen again. We intend to get those answers.”
A date for the US Congress hearing has yet to be set. Since the scandal broke the VW Group share cost has fallen by more than 50% coming from its 2015 high.
VW emissions scandal: how the idea unfolded
The Volkswagen emissions scandal will be currently headline news, nevertheless the story has its roots in May 2014, when a study found higher-than-clamed emissions coming coming from two Volkswagen vehicles. Here’s our timeline of how the story unfolded.
May 2014 The West Virginia University’s (WVU) Centre for Alternative Fuels, Engines as well as also also Emissions publishes results of a study commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation in which found significantly higher-than-claimed in-use emissions coming from two diesel cars, a 2012 Jetta as well as also also a 2013 Passat. A BMW X5 also tested passed the tests.
WVU alerts California Air Resources Board (CARB) as well as also also the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the issue.
Summer 2014 Over the course of the year following the publication of the WVU study, VW continues to assert to CARB as well as also also the EPA in which the increased emissions coming from these vehicles could be attributed to various technical issues as well as also also unexpected in-use conditions.
December 2014 VW issues a voluntary recall of approximately 500,000 vehicles to address the emissions issue.
6 May 2015 CARB, in coordination with the EPA, conducts follow-up testing of these vehicles both within the laboratory as well as also also during normal road operation to confirm the efficacy of VW’s recall. Testing shows the recall has had only a limited benefit.
None of the potential technical issues suggested by VW can explain the higher test results consistently confirmed during further testing by CARB.
Summer 2015 CARB as well as also also the EPA make the idea clear in which they will not approve certificates of conformity – necessary for vehicles to be sold within the USA – for VW’s 2016 product year diesel vehicles until the some sort of car adequately explain the anomalous emissions as well as also also ensure the agencies in which the 2016 product year vehicles would certainly not have similar issues.
3 September 2015 During a meeting VW admits the idea has designed as well as also also installed a defeat device in these vehicles within the form of a sophisticated software algorithm in which detects when a vehicle will be undergoing emissions testing.
18 September 2015 CARB as well as also also the EPA make their findings public, stating in which Volkswagen has violated two sections of the Clean Air Act, firstly by selling or offering for sale vehicles in which did not comply with their certificates of conformity, as well as also also second by manufacturing as well as also also installing into these vehicles an electronic control module capable of switching its calibration to beat the emissions tests.
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