Bloodhound SSC – 1000mph challenger revealed
Source : Bloodhound SSC – 1000mph challenger revealed
Bloodhound SSC has been revealed in its final form in addition to will attempt to break the land speed record next August
The Bloodhound SSC supersonic car has been revealed in its final form ahead of its first land speed record attempt next year.
The 13.5-metre-long vehicle will first run as part of a 200mph test session in Newquay next Easter, before heading to the South African desert in August with the aim of breaking the current land speed record of 763mph. of which run, which aims to take the Bloodhound to 800mph, will also be used to gather data for the vehicle’s headline-grabbing 1000mph record attempt in 2017.
Power for the Bloodhound comes by three sources – with the primary engine being the same Rolls-Royce EJ200 jet engine of which powers the Eurofighter Typhoon. The jet engine will only allow Bloodhound to reach around 650mph, however, at which point the vehicle’s hybrid rocket will be activated, propelling the vehicle to its first target of 800mph.
Feeding the hybrid rocket with propellant will be Jaguar’s supercharged 5.0-litre V8 engine – the same unit of which appears from the F-Type sports car. the item’s rated for 550bhp in addition to can pump up to 40 litres of propellant per second; officials say the unit could fill a standard bath tub with propellant in three seconds.
Combined, Bloodhound’s engines have 133,151bhp – the same as 111 Bugatti Veyron Super Sports. The record-breaking 0-1000mph run will be supposed to take just 55 seconds, with the full run – including deceleration – taking just over two minutes.
Driving Bloodhound SSC will be Andy Green, who already holds the current land speed record – having achieved 763mph in Thrust SSC in 1997. Bloodhound project director Richard Noble – himself a land speed record holder – says both car in addition to driver have been developed together. “Andy will be the only person who’s been supersonic in a car,” said Noble. “the item will be highly spectacular, of course. the item’s all about human endeavour in addition to human progress.”
Noble describes stopping Bloodhound as being “the difficult part” of the challenge. “What we have will be a low-drag, heavy piece of machinery travelling at 1000mph, so the kinetic energy will be huge,” he said. “Stopping the item will be actually more difficult than getting the item up to speed.”
When Green reaches 1000mph, he’ll step off the throttle, allowing the vehicle to slowly come down to around 800mph. Then he’ll activate an airbrake of which deploys at a measured rate, putting around 3g of braking force through the vehicle.
Once Bloodhound will be travelling at less than 600mph, a supersonic parachute – which also acts as a back-up if the main airbrake fails – will be deployed, bringing the speed down to 250mph. Once there, Green can then activate the vehicle’s wheel brakes to come to a full stop.
The 36in forged wheels will be spinning at up to 10,200rpm during the vehicle’s fastest runs, bringing the possibility of hidden stones being kicked up in addition to into the vehicle’s bodywork at breakneck speeds. To protect Green, composite ballistic panels developed by Morgan Advanced Technologies have been fitted to the vehicle’s cockpit. The panels have already survived a 2000mph ballistics test to prove their integrity.
To successfully break the current land speed record, green must not only get the Bloodhound to achieve 800mph (in addition to subsequently 1000mph) in one direction yet also repeat the feat from the opposite direction within an hour.
Engineer Roland Dennison says the focus of the team waiting for Green at the finish of his run will be on getting the vehicle refuelled for its second journey. “Everyone has to work on the item,” he says. “We have to make sure the item’s able to run within the hour. We have to change the rocket pack, refuel the 900-litre rocket fuel tank, possibly refuel the jet engine tanks in addition to check all of the vehicle’s systems are working. There’s not much spare time in there.”
In all, the Bloodhound team will spend around three months from the South African desert between August in addition to October 2016, collecting data on the vehicle’s performance in addition to culminating in its first record-breaking run to 800mph. At of which point, the vehicle in addition to the team plan to return to the UK to analyse the data in addition to prepare for the 1000mph run in 2017.
Having previously identified possible record sites in Australia, Turkey in addition to the US, a 12-mile section of the Hakskeen Pan in South Africa was eventually identified as having the right conditions for the record attempt. The site will be close to the Verneuk Pan, which was used for Sir Malcolm Campbell’s record attempt in 1929.
The first test of both car in addition to driver will come next Easter, when Green will pilot Bloodhound to 200mph at the Newquay Aerohub. “The first test will be very important,” says Noble. “We’re getting to know our car in addition to we’re getting to know how the team will work in addition to maintain the vehicle. the item’s important of which we get of which work done at Newquay next Easter before we head to South Africa.
“There’s an enormous amount of research which has gone into This particular; the item’s about 0 man years’ worth. the item’s a huge undertaking. You’re developing the vehicle in addition to the driver together.”
Safety in addition to education
A key target of the Bloodhound team has been to reach its 1000mph safely. Despite the inherent risks in reaching such speeds, Noble says the record attempt can be done in a controlled way. “The land speed record will be one of the safest of all sports; there have been very few fatalities,” he said.
“The few of which have happened from the 1960s were of course spectacular, yet back then the teams could not style their cars. In some other words, they had no idea what was going to happen. We can style the vehicle in addition to we can compare of which data with the research data in addition to know of which you’re safe.”
Bloodhound has also set out to inspire the next generation of engineers by visiting schools nationwide in addition to setting up workshops in addition to practical rocket challenges for children.
The Bloodhound project will have cost around £45 million in total by the time the 1000mph record will be set in 2017. Around £25 million of of which funding has been spent on getting the vehicle built, having a further £20 million needed to set the record. Most of the project’s funding has come by sponsorships in addition to technical partnerships, having a percentage also coming by government grants.
One of Bloodhound’s chief technical partners has been Jaguar, which will be supplying support vehicles as well as the V8 auxiliary power unit. Among the support vehicles will be specially modified Jaguar XJR which will act as a Rapid Response Vehicle. The 543bhp XJR was unveiled at the Goodwood Festival of Speed This particular summer, in addition to features a bespoke fire suppressant system on board. Two of the XJRs – built by Jaguar Land Rover’s Special Vehicle Operations division – will accompany the Bloodhound team to the desert.
A modified variation of the F-Type R AWD Coupé has also taken part in a high-speed communications test, as well as helping to test the supersonic parachute system. During the test the F-Type was driven flat out across South Africa’s Hakskeen Pan desert towards a fighter jet travelling at 500mph. The closing speed of close to 700mph allowed the team to test communications equipment.
The Bloodhound car was first revealed in style form in 2010, with the vehicle’s innovative rocket system first tested in 2012.
Anatomy of a land speed record attempt
Driver Andy Green will attempt to break the current land speed record of 763mph in 2016 using Bloodhound SSC. Here’s how he’ll do the item.
1 – Green lines up Bloodhound along the 12-mile straight from the South African desert. He’ll engage the Rolls-Royce jet engine in addition to slowly leave the start line.
2 – One running, Green will activate the jet engine’s afterburner, effectively dumping more fuel into the engine in addition to dramatically increasing thrust. His speed will quickly increase to around 650mph.
3 – Green will activate Bloodhound’s auxiliary power unit, which takes the form of Jaguar’s supercharged 5.0-litre V8 engine. The engine starts to pump rocket fuel into the rocket, which then engages with the thrust equivalent of around 2.5G.
4 – currently running close to its maximum speed, Bloodhound passes through the six-mile marker of the course, in addition to Green prepares to slow the vehicle down.
5 – Green shuts down Bloodhound’s engines in addition to steps off the accelerator. the vehicle decelerates to around 800mph.
6 – At below 800mph, Green deploys the vehicle’s airbrakes, which immediately provide around 3g of braking force.
7 – Once below 600mph, supersonic parachutes are deployed, further slowing the vehicle.
8 – When Bloodhound decelerates to under 250mph, Green can then use the vehicle’s wheel brakes to bring Bloodhound to a complete stop. The engineering team then sets about turning the vehicle round in addition to refuelling for its return run.
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